Refine
Refine Re*fine" (r?*f?n"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Refined} (-find"); p. pr. & vb. n. {Refining}.] [Pref. re- + fine to make fine: cf. F. raffiner.] 1. To reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; to free from impurities; to free from dross or alloy; to separate from extraneous matter; to purify; to defecate; as, to refine gold or silver; to refine iron; to refine wine or sugar. [1913 Webster]

I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined. --Zech. xiii. 9. [1913 Webster]

2. To purify from what is gross, coarse, vulgar, inelegant, low, and the like; to make elegant or exellent; to polish; as, to refine the manners, the language, the style, the taste, the intellect, or the moral feelings. [1913 Webster]

Love refines The thoughts, and heart enlarges. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

Syn: To purify; clarify; polish; ennoble. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • refine — [ri fīn′] vt. refined, refining [ RE + FINE1, v., based on Fr raffiner, to purify] 1. to make fine or pure; free from impurities, dross, alloy, sediment, etc.; purify; clarify 2. to free from imperfection, coarseness, crudeness, etc.; make more… …   English World dictionary

  • refine — [v1] purify clarify, cleanse, distill, filter, process, rarefy, strain; concept 165 Ant. corrupt, dirty, pollute refine [v2] perfect, polish better, civilize, clarify, cultivate, elevate, explain, hone, improve, make clear, round, sleek, slick,… …   New thesaurus

  • Refine — Re*fine , v. i. 1. To become pure; to be cleared of feculent matter. [1913 Webster] So the pure, limpid stream, when foul with stains, Works itself clear, and, as it runs, refines. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • refine — I verb advance, amend, better, clarify, cleanse, clear, correct, cultivate, develop, edit, elaborate, elevate, emend, enhance, filter, filtrate, improve, improve upon, make improvements, meliorate, modify, perfect, polish, purify, rectify,… …   Law dictionary

  • refine — UK US /rɪˈfaɪn/ verb [T] ► PRODUCTION to improve something or to make it pure, especially by removing material that is not wanted: »Crude oil is industrially refined to purify it. ► to improve an idea, a method, a system, etc. by making small… …   Financial and business terms

  • refine — (v.) 1580s, of metals, c.1590 of manners, from RE (Cf. re ), intensive prefix, + obsolete fine (v.) make fine, from FINE (Cf. fine) (adj.) delicate. Cf. Fr. raffiner, It. raffinare, Sp. refinar. General and figurative sense is recorded from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • refine — ► VERB 1) remove impurities or unwanted elements from. 2) make minor changes so as to improve (a theory or method). DERIVATIVES refiner noun …   English terms dictionary

  • refine — 01. I need to practice a lot in order to [refine] my tennis serve. 02. She shows a lot of promise as a violinist, but she needs to [refine] her technique somewhat. 03. Police raided an illegal laboratory in a house in Seattle today where they… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • refine — refinable, adj. refiner, n. /ri fuyn /, v., refined, refining. v.t. 1. to bring to a fine or a pure state; free from impurities: to refine metal, sugar, or petroleum. 2. to purify from what is coarse, vulgar, or debasing; make elegant or cultured …   Universalium

  • refine — verb /ɹɪˈfaɪn/ a) To reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; to free from impurities; to free from dross or alloy; to separate from extraneous matter; to purify; as, to refine gold or silver; to refine iron; to refine wine or sugar …   Wiktionary

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