Red oak

Red oak
Oak Oak ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D. eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus {Quercus}. The oaks have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut, called an {acorn}, which is more or less inclosed in a scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe, Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few barely reaching the northern parts of South America and Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary rays, forming the silver grain. [1913 Webster]

2. The strong wood or timber of the oak. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among the true oaks in America are:

{Barren oak}, or

{Black-jack}, {Quercus nigra}.

{Basket oak}, {Quercus Michauxii}.

{Black oak}, {Quercus tinctoria}; -- called also {yellow oak} or {quercitron oak}.

{Bur oak} (see under {Bur}.), {Quercus macrocarpa}; -- called also {over-cup} or {mossy-cup oak}.

{Chestnut oak}, {Quercus Prinus} and {Quercus densiflora}.

{Chinquapin oak} (see under {Chinquapin}), {Quercus prinoides}.

{Coast live oak}, {Quercus agrifolia}, of California; -- also called {enceno}.

{Live oak} (see under {Live}), {Quercus virens}, the best of all for shipbuilding; also, {Quercus Chrysolepis}, of California.

{Pin oak}. Same as {Swamp oak}.

{Post oak}, {Quercus obtusifolia}.

{Red oak}, {Quercus rubra}.

{Scarlet oak}, {Quercus coccinea}.

{Scrub oak}, {Quercus ilicifolia}, {Quercus undulata}, etc.

{Shingle oak}, {Quercus imbricaria}.

{Spanish oak}, {Quercus falcata}.

{Swamp Spanish oak}, or

{Pin oak}, {Quercus palustris}.

{Swamp white oak}, {Quercus bicolor}.

{Water oak}, {Quercus aquatica}.

{Water white oak}, {Quercus lyrata}.

{Willow oak}, {Quercus Phellos}. [1913 Webster] Among the true oaks in Europe are:

{Bitter oak}, or

{Turkey oak}, {Quercus Cerris} (see {Cerris}).

{Cork oak}, {Quercus Suber}.

{English white oak}, {Quercus Robur}.

{Evergreen oak},

{Holly oak}, or

{Holm oak}, {Quercus Ilex}.

{Kermes oak}, {Quercus coccifera}.

{Nutgall oak}, {Quercus infectoria}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among plants called oak, but not of the genus {Quercus}, are:

{African oak}, a valuable timber tree ({Oldfieldia Africana}).

{Australian oak} or {She oak}, any tree of the genus {Casuarina} (see {Casuarina}).

{Indian oak}, the teak tree (see {Teak}).

{Jerusalem oak}. See under {Jerusalem}.

{New Zealand oak}, a sapindaceous tree ({Alectryon excelsum}).

{Poison oak}, a shrub once not distinguished from poison ivy, but now restricted to {Rhus toxicodendron} or {Rhus diversiloba}.

{Silky oak} or {Silk-bark oak}, an Australian tree ({Grevillea robusta}). [1913 Webster]

{Green oak}, oak wood colored green by the growth of the mycelium of certain fungi.

{Oak apple}, a large, smooth, round gall produced on the leaves of the American red oak by a gallfly ({Cynips confluens}). It is green and pulpy when young.

{Oak beauty} (Zo["o]l.), a British geometrid moth ({Biston prodromaria}) whose larva feeds on the oak.

{Oak gall}, a gall found on the oak. See 2d {Gall}.

{Oak leather} (Bot.), the mycelium of a fungus which forms leatherlike patches in the fissures of oak wood.

{Oak pruner}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Pruner}, the insect.

{Oak spangle}, a kind of gall produced on the oak by the insect {Diplolepis lenticularis}.

{Oak wart}, a wartlike gall on the twigs of an oak.

{The Oaks}, one of the three great annual English horse races (the Derby and St. Leger being the others). It was instituted in 1779 by the Earl of Derby, and so called from his estate.

{To sport one's oak}, to be ``not at home to visitors,'' signified by closing the outer (oaken) door of one's rooms. [Cant, Eng. Univ.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Red Oak — Red Oak, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 2723 Housing Units (2000): 1030 Land area (2000): 19.497983 sq. miles (50.499542 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.008556 sq. miles (0.022159 sq. km) Total area (2000): 19.506539 sq. miles (50 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Red Oak — (dt. rote Eiche) ist der Name der folgender Städte: in den Vereinigten Staaten: Red Oak (Arkansas) Red Oak (Georgia) Red Oak (Iowa) Red Oak (North Carolina) Red Oak (Oklahoma) Red Oak (Texas) Siehe auch Red Oak Township …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Red Oak — is the name of several places in the United States, all named for the Red Oak tree:*Red Oak, Georgia *Red Oak, Iowa *Red Oak, North Carolina *Red Oak, Oklahoma *Red Oak, Texas *Red Oaks Mill, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Red oak — may refer to:* Lobatae , a kind of oak tree * Agkistrodon contortrix , a venomous snake species found in North America * Red Oak, Iowa, a town in southwestern Iowa …   Wikipedia

  • red oak — red′ oak′ n. 1) pln any of several oak trees, as Quercus rubra, or Q. falcata, of North America, characterized by leaves with pointed lobes and acorns that usu. mature every two years 2) the hard, reddish wood of these trees • Etymology: 1625–35 …   From formal English to slang

  • Red Oak — (spr. redd ōk), Stadt im nordamerikan. Staat Iowa, am East Nishnabatona River, mit Tonwaren und Ziegelfabrikation, Handel und (1900) 4355 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • red oak — ☆ red oak n. 1. any of several oaks having leaves with sharp tipped lobes, dark bark, and acorns which require two years to mature 2. the reddish, hard wood of such a tree …   English World dictionary

  • red oak — 1. any of several oak trees, as Quercus rubra, or Q. falcata, of North America. 2. the hard, cross grained wood of these trees. [1625 35, Amer.] * * * ▪ subgenus  any member of a group or subgenus (Erythrobalanus) of North American ornamental and …   Universalium

  • red oak — noun any of numerous American oaks having 4 stamens in each floret, acorns requiring two years to mature and leaf veins usually extending beyond the leaf margin to form points or bristles • Hypernyms: ↑oak, ↑oak tree • Hyponyms: ↑southern red oak …   Useful english dictionary

  • red oak — raudonasis ąžuolas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bukinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Quercus rubra), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Quercus rubra angl. American oak; Eastern red oak; northern red oak; red oak; Southern red… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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