Reciprocate
Reciprocate Re*cip"ro*cate (r[-e]*s[i^]p"r[-o]*k[=a]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Reciprocated} (r[-e]*s[i^]p"r[-o]*k[=a]`t[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Reciprocating}.] [L. reciprocatus, p. p. of reciprocare. See {Reciprocal}.] To move forward and backward alternately; to recur in vicissitude; to act interchangeably; to alternate. [1913 Webster]

One brawny smith the puffing bellows plies, And draws and blows reciprocating air. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

{Reciprocating engine}, a steam, air, or gas engine, etc., in which the piston moves back and forth; -- in distinction from a rotary engine, in which the piston travels continuously in one direction in a circular path.

{Reciprocating motion} (Mech.), motion alternately backward and forward, or up and down, as of a piston rod. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • reciprocate — reciprocate, retaliate, requite, return can mean to give back usually in kind or in quantity. Reciprocate may imply a mutual, equivalent, or roughly equivalent, exchange or a paying back of what one has received. The connotations of alternating… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Reciprocate — Re*cip ro*cate, v. t. To give and return mutually; to make return for; to give in return; to interchange; to alternate; as, to reciprocate favors. Cowper. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reciprocate — I verb act interchangeably, alternate, cooperate, exchange, follow successively, give and take, give in return, inter se dare, interchange, pay back, perform by turns, perform responsively, recompense, refund, reimburse, repay, requite, respond,… …   Law dictionary

  • reciprocate — (v.) to return, requite, 1610s, from L. reciprocatus, pp. of reciprocare, from reciprocus (see RECIPROCAL (Cf. reciprocal)). Related: Reciprocated; reciprocating …   Etymology dictionary

  • reciprocate — [v] exchange, alternate; equal barter, be equivalent, correspond, feel in return, interchange, make up for*, match, pay one’s dues*, recompense, render, repay, reply, requite, respond, retaliate, retort, return, return the compliment*, scratch… …   New thesaurus

  • reciprocate — ► VERB ▪ respond to (a gesture, action, or emotion) with a corresponding one. DERIVATIVES reciprocation noun …   English terms dictionary

  • reciprocate — [ri sip′rəkāt΄] vt. reciprocated, reciprocating [< L reciprocatus, pp. of reciprocare < reciprocus: see RECIPROCAL] 1. a) to give and get, do, feel, etc. reciprocally; interchange b) to give, do, feel, etc. in return; return in kind or… …   English World dictionary

  • reciprocate — verb ( cated; cating) Date: 1607 transitive verb 1. to give and take mutually 2. to return in kind or degree < reciprocate a compliment gracefully > intransitive verb 1. to make a return for something < we hope to reciprocate for your …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • reciprocate — UK [rɪˈsɪprəkeɪt] / US [rɪˈsɪprəˌkeɪt] verb [intransitive/transitive] Word forms reciprocate : present tense I/you/we/they reciprocate he/she/it reciprocates present participle reciprocating past tense reciprocated past participle reciprocated… …   English dictionary

  • reciprocate — v. (D; intr.) to reciprocate by; for; with * * * [rɪ sɪprəkeɪt] for with (D; intr.) to reciprocate by …   Combinatory dictionary

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