raw umber
Umber Um"ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d'ombre, It. terra d'ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before being used, and is then called {burnt umber}; when not heated, it is called {raw umber}. See {Burnt umber}, below. [1913 Webster]

2. An umbrere. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

3. [F. ombre, umbre, L. umbra.] (Zo["o]l.) See {Grayling}, 1. [1913 Webster]

4. [Cf. NL. scopus umbretta, F. ombrette; probably fr. L. umbra shade, in allusion to its dark brown color. See {Umber} a pigment.] (Zo["o]l.) An African wading bird ({Scopus umbretta}) allied to the storks and herons. It is dull dusky brown, and has a large occipital crest. Called also {umbrette}, {umbre}, and {umber bird}. [1913 Webster]

{Burnt umber} (Paint.), a pigment made by burning raw umber, which is changed by this process from an olive brown to a bright reddish brown.

{Cologne umber}, or {German umber}, a brown pigment obtained from lignite. See {Cologne earth}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • raw umber. — See under umber (def. 1). [1890 95] * * * …   Universalium

  • raw umber — noun greenish brown pigment (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑umber …   Useful english dictionary

  • raw umber. — See under umber (def. 1). [1890 95] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Raw umber (color) — infobox color title= Raw Umber|textcolor=white hex= 734A12 r=115|g=74|b= 18 c= 0|m= 35|y=84|k= 54 h= 34|s=84|v=45Raw Umber is a color that resembles raw umber.ee also*List of colors …   Wikipedia

  • Umber — Um ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d ombre, It. terra d ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • umber bird — Umber Um ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d ombre, It. terra d ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • umber — umber1 [um′bər] n. [Fr (terre d )ombre < It (terra d )ombra, lit., (earth of) shade, prob. < L umbra, a shade, shadow (but based on ? UMBRIA)] 1. a kind of earth containing oxides of manganese and iron, used as a pigment: raw umber is… …   English World dictionary

  • umber — ► NOUN ▪ a natural pigment, normally dark yellowish brown in colour (raw umber) or dark brown when roasted (burnt umber). ORIGIN from French terre d ombre, earth of shadow , from Latin umbra shadow or Umbra Umbrian …   English terms dictionary

  • raw — adj. & n. adj. 1 (of food) uncooked. 2 in the natural state; not processed or manufactured (raw sewage). 3 (of alcoholic spirit) undiluted. 4 (of statistics etc.) not analysed or processed. 5 (of a person) inexperienced, untrained; new to an… …   Useful english dictionary

  • umber — /um beuhr/, n. 1. an earth consisting chiefly of a hydrated oxide of iron and some oxide of manganese, used in its natural state as a brown pigment (raw umber) or, after heating, as a reddish brown pigment (burnt umber). 2. the color of such a… …   Universalium

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