Raskolniks
Raskolnik Ras*kol"nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l"n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l"n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol'nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who dissents from the established church. The Raskolniki embrace many sects, whose common characteristic is a clinging to antique traditions, habits, and customs. The schism originated in 1667 in an ecclesiastical dispute as to the correctness of the translation of the religious books. The dissenters, who have been continually persecuted, are believed to number about 20,000,000, although the Holy Synod officially puts the number at about 2,000,000. They are officially divided into three groups according to the degree of their variance from orthodox beliefs and observances, as follows: I. ``Most obnoxious.'' the

{Judaizers}; the

{Molokane}, who refuse to recognize civil authority or to take oaths; the

{Dukhobortsy}, or

{Dukhobors}, who are communistic, marry without ceremony, and believe that Christ was human, but that his soul reappears at intervals in living men; the

{Khlysty}, who countenance anthropolatory, are ascetics, practice continual self-flagellation, and reject marriage; the

{Skoptsy}, who practice castration; and a section of the

{Bezpopovtsy}, or priestless sect, which disbelieve in prayers for the Czar and in marriage. II. ``Obnoxious:'' the

{Bezpopovtsy}, who pray for the Czar and recognize marriage. III. ``Least obnoxious:'' the

{Popovtsy}, who dissent from the orthodox church in minor points only. [Written also {rascolnik}.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Raskolniks — • A generic term for dissidents from the Established Church in Russia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Raskolniks     Raskolniks      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Raskolniks — d.h. Ketzer, Schismatiker, nennt man in Rußland alle Anhänger von Sekten, die sich von der herrschenden orthodoxen Kirche offen od. insgeheim losgesagt haben. Die am meisten verbreiteten R. sind gegenwärtig die Starowerzi d.h. Altgläubigen od.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • raskolniks — (raskol´niki) ► masculino plural HISTORIA RELIGIOSA Grupo cristiano separado de la Iglesia rusa a mediados del s. XVII a consecuencia de la reforma litúrgica realizada por el patriarca Nikon. Sin una doctrina definida, se diferencia de la Iglesia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Statistics of Religions — • Includes the definition and historical development, along with the status of religious bodies Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Statistics of Religions     Statistics of Religions …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • raskolnik — (entrée créée par le supplément) (ra skol nik ) s. m. Sectateur du raskol. •   Le nombre des femmes de raskolniks envoyées pour ce crime [infanticide] en Sibérie se compte par milliers, Journ. offic. 9 sept. 1872, p. 5926, 1re col.. •   Encore… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Bezpopovtsy — Raskolnik Ras*kol nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bezpopovtsy — Raskolnik Ras*kol nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dukhobors — Raskolnik Ras*kol nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dukhobortsy — Raskolnik Ras*kol nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Judaizers — Raskolnik Ras*kol nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”