Raskolnik Ras*kol"nik (r[a^]s*k[o^]l"n[i^]k), n.; pl. {Raskolniki} (r[a^]s*k[o^]l"n[i^]k*[=e]) or {Raskolniks}. [Russ. raskol'nik dissenter, fr. raskol dissent.] The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who dissents from the established church. The Raskolniki embrace many sects, whose common characteristic is a clinging to antique traditions, habits, and customs. The schism originated in 1667 in an ecclesiastical dispute as to the correctness of the translation of the religious books. The dissenters, who have been continually persecuted, are believed to number about 20,000,000, although the Holy Synod officially puts the number at about 2,000,000. They are officially divided into three groups according to the degree of their variance from orthodox beliefs and observances, as follows: I. ``Most obnoxious.'' the

{Judaizers}; the

{Molokane}, who refuse to recognize civil authority or to take oaths; the

{Dukhobortsy}, or

{Dukhobors}, who are communistic, marry without ceremony, and believe that Christ was human, but that his soul reappears at intervals in living men; the

{Khlysty}, who countenance anthropolatory, are ascetics, practice continual self-flagellation, and reject marriage; the

{Skoptsy}, who practice castration; and a section of the

{Bezpopovtsy}, or priestless sect, which disbelieve in prayers for the Czar and in marriage. II. ``Obnoxious:'' the

{Bezpopovtsy}, who pray for the Czar and recognize marriage. III. ``Least obnoxious:'' the

{Popovtsy}, who dissent from the orthodox church in minor points only. [Written also {rascolnik}.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • raskolnik — ● raskolnik, raskolniki nom (mot russe signifiant schismatique) Désignation officielle (jusqu en 1905) des vieux croyants séparés de l Église orthodoxe russe depuis le raskol. raskolnik [ʀaskɔlnik] n. m. ÉTYM. 1858; raskoolnikis, 1832; mot russe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raskolnik — dissenter from the Russian Church, an Old Believer, 1723, from Rus. Raskolnik separatise, from raskol schism, separation. The schism was a result of reforms by Patriarch Nikon in 1667 …   Etymology dictionary

  • ráskōlnīk — m 〈N mn īci〉 onaj koji potiče na raskol; izazivač raskola, pristaša raskola …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • raskolnik — ráskōlnīk m <N mn īci> DEFINICIJA izazivač raskola, pristaša raskola ETIMOLOGIJA vidi raskoliti …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Raskolnik — Ras|kol|nik der; [s], Plur. i, auch en <aus gleichbed. russ. raskolnik, eigtl. »Spalter«> Angehöriger einer der zahlreichen russ. Sekten, bes. der sogenannten Altgläubigen (seit dem 17. Jh.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Raskolnik — /reuh skawl nik/, n., pl. Raskolniks, Raskolniki / ni kee /. a member of any of several sects founded by dissenters from the Russian Orthodox Church who opposed the liturgical reforms of Nikon in the 17th century. Also called Old Believer, Old… …   Universalium

  • Raskolnik — Ras|kọl|nik, der; [s], i, auch: en [russ. raskol nik, eigtl. = Spalter]: Angehöriger einer der zahlreichen russischen Sekten, bes. der Altgläubigen seit dem 17. Jh …   Universal-Lexikon

  • raskolnik — (entrée créée par le supplément) (ra skol nik ) s. m. Sectateur du raskol. •   Le nombre des femmes de raskolniks envoyées pour ce crime [infanticide] en Sibérie se compte par milliers, Journ. offic. 9 sept. 1872, p. 5926, 1re col.. •   Encore… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • raskolnik — m III, DB. a, N. raskolnikkiem; lm M. raskolnikicy, DB. ów → staroobrzędowiec ‹ros.› …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • raskolnik — ras·kol·nik …   English syllables

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