Quercus coccifera
Cochineal Coch"i*neal (k[o^]ch"[i^]*n[=e]l; 277), [Sp. cochinilla, dim. from L. coccineus, coccinus, scarlet, fr. coccum the kermes berry, G. ko`kkos berry, especially the kermes insect, used to dye scarlet, as the cochineal was formerly supposed to be the grain or seed of a plant, and this word was formerly defined to be the grain of the {Quercus coccifera}; but cf. also Sp. cochinilla wood louse, dim. of cochina sow, akin to F. cochon pig.] A dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of females of the {Coccus cacti}, an insect native in Mexico, Central America, etc., and found on several species of cactus, esp. {Opuntia cochinellifera}. [1913 Webster]

Note: These insects are gathered from the plant, killed by the application of heat, and exposed to the sun to dry. When dried they resemble small, rough berries or seeds, of a brown or purple color, and form the cochineal of the shops, which is used for making carmine, and also as a red dye. [1913 Webster]

Note: Cochineal contains as its essential coloring matter carminic acid, a purple red amorphous substance which yields carmine red. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Quercus coccifera — Kermes Eiche Kermes Eiche (Quercus coccifera), Früchte Systematik Ordnung: Buchenartige (Fagales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Quercus coccifera — Taxobox name = Kermes Oak image width = 240px regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fagales familia = Fagaceae genus = Quercus sectio = Cerris species = Q. coccifera binomial = Quercus coccifera binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Quercus coccifera — Oak Oak ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D. eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus {Quercus}. The oaks have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quercus coccifera — Kermes Ker mes, n. [Ar. & Per. girmiz. See {Crimson}, and cf. {Alkermes}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect ({Kermes ilices} formerly {Coccus ilicis}), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quercus —   Quercus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quercus — Chêne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chêne (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

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