Purple
Purple Pur"ple, n.; pl. {Purples}. [OE. purpre, pourpre, OF. purpre, porpre, pourpre, F. pourpre, L. purpura purple fish, purple dye, fr. Gr. ? the purple fish, a shell from the purple dye was obtained, purple dye; cf. ? dark (said of the sea), purple, ? to grow dark (said of the sea), to be troubled; perh. akin to L. furere to rage, E. fury: cf. AS. purpure. Cf. {Porphyry}, {Purpure}.] 1. A color formed by, or resembling that formed by, a combination of the primary colors red and blue. [1913 Webster]

Arraying with reflected purple and gold The clouds that on his western throne attend. -- Milton. [1913 Webster]

Note: The ancient words which are translated purple are supposed to have been used for the color we call crimson. In the gradations of color as defined in art, purple is a mixture of red and blue. When red predominates it is called violet, and when blue predominates, hyacinth. [1913 Webster]

2. Cloth dyed a purple color, or a garment of such color; especially, a purple robe, worn as an emblem of rank or authority; specifically, the purple rode or mantle worn by Roman emperors as the emblem of imperial dignity; as, to put on the imperial purple. [1913 Webster]

Thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and purple, and scarlet. --Ex. xxvi. 1. [1913 Webster]

3. Hence: Imperial sovereignty; royal rank, dignity, or favor; loosely and colloquially, any exalted station; great wealth. ``He was born in the purple.'' --Gibbon. [1913 Webster]

4. A cardinalate. See {Cardinal}. [1913 Webster]

5. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of large butterflies, usually marked with purple or blue, of the genus {Basilarchia} (formerly {Limenitis}) as, the banded purple ({Basilarchia arthemis}). See Illust. under {Ursula}. [1913 Webster]

6. (Zo["o]l.) Any shell of the genus {Purpura}. [1913 Webster]

7. pl.(Med.) See {Purpura}. [1913 Webster]

8. pl. A disease of wheat. Same as {Earcockle}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Purple is sometimes used in composition, esp. with participles forming words of obvious signification; as, purple-colored, purple-hued, purple-stained, purple-tinged, purple-tinted, and the like. [1913 Webster]

{French purple}. (Chem.) Same as {Cudbear}.

{Purple of Cassius}. See {Cassius}.

{Purple of mollusca} (Zo["o]l.), a coloring matter derived from certain mollusks, which dyes wool, etc., of a purple or crimson color, and is supposed to be the substance of the famous Tyrian dye. It is obtained from Ianthina, and from several species of Purpura, and Murex.

{To be born in the purple}, to be of princely birth; to be highborn. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PURPLE — Machine. PURPLE (deutsch wörtlich: violett, lila, purpur) war die amerikanische Codebezeichnung für eine Verschlüsselungsmaschine, die von den Japanern vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg konstruiert und für den diplomatischen Dienst eingesetzt wurde. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Purple — Pur ple, a. 1. Exhibiting or possessing the color called purple, much esteemed for its richness and beauty; of a deep red, or red and blue color; as, a purple robe. [1913 Webster] 2. Imperial; regal; so called from the color having been an emblem …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • purple — [pʉr′pəl] n. [ME purpel < OE (Northumbrian) purpl( e), dissimilated var. of WS purpur( e) < L purpura, purple < Gr porphyra, shellfish yielding purple dye] 1. a dark color that is a blend of red and blue 2. Now Rare a) deep crimson b)… …   English World dictionary

  • purple — O.E. purpul, dissimilation (first recorded in Northumbrian, in Lindisfarne gospel) from purpure purple garment, purpuren purple, from L. purpura purple dyed cloak, purple dye, also shellfish from which purple was made, from Gk. porphyra (Cf. e… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Purple — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para máquina de cifrado, véase PURPLE. Purple Álbum de Stone Temple Pilots Publicación 7 de junio de 1994 …   Wikipedia Español

  • purple — ► NOUN 1) a colour intermediate between red and blue. 2) (also Tyrian purple) a crimson dye obtained from some molluscs, used for robes worn by an emperor or senior magistrate in ancient Rome or Byzantium. 3) (the purple) the scarlet official… …   English terms dictionary

  • Purple — Album par Stone Temple Pilots Sortie 7 juin 1994 (US) Enregistrement 1993 1994 Durée 46:57 Genre Grunge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Purple — Pur ple, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Purpled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Purpling}.] To make purple; to dye of purple or deep red color; as, hands purpled with blood. [1913 Webster] When morn Purples the east. Milton. [1913 Webster] Reclining soft in blissful… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • purplė — sf. M, LL259 žr. purplelis: Purplė maža kuo skirias nuo karvelio, nebent tik spalva Blv. Jeigu negalėtų aukauti avinėlio, paims dvi purpli ar du karveliu Blv …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • purple — has a derived form purplish, with no e …   Modern English usage

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