Balsam
Balsam Bal"sam (b[add]l"sam), n. [L. balsamum the balsam tree or its resin, Gr. ba`lsamon. See {Balm}, n.] 1. A resin containing more or less of an essential or volatile oil. [1913 Webster]

Note: The balsams are aromatic resinous substances, flowing spontaneously or by incision from certain plants. A great variety of substances pass under this name, but the term is now usually restricted to resins which, in addition to a volatile oil, contain benzoic and cinnamic acid. Among the true balsams are the balm of Gilead, and the balsams of copaiba, Peru, and Tolu. There are also many pharmaceutical preparations and resinous substances, possessed of a balsamic smell, to which the name balsam has been given. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) (a) A species of tree ({Abies balsamea}). (b) An annual garden plant ({Impatiens balsamina}) with beautiful flowers; balsamine. [1913 Webster]

3. Anything that heals, soothes, or restores. [1913 Webster]

Was not the people's blessing a balsam to thy blood? --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

{Balsam apple} (Bot.), an East Indian plant ({Momordica balsamina}), of the gourd family, with red or orange-yellow cucumber-shaped fruit of the size of a walnut, used as a vulnerary, and in liniments and poultices.

{Balsam fir} (Bot.), the American coniferous tree, {Abies balsamea}, from which the useful Canada balsam is derived.

{Balsam of copaiba}. See {Copaiba}.

{Balsam of Mecca}, balm of Gilead.

{Balsam of Peru}, a reddish brown, syrupy balsam, obtained from a Central American tree ({Myroxylon Pereir[ae]} and used as a stomachic and expectorant, and in the treatment of ulcers, etc. It was long supposed to be a product of Peru.

{Balsam of Tolu}, a reddish or yellowish brown semisolid or solid balsam, obtained from a South American tree ({Myroxylon toluiferum}). It is highly fragrant, and is used as a stomachic and expectorant.

{Balsam tree}, any tree from which balsam is obtained, esp. the {Abies balsamea}.

{Canada balsam}, {Balsam of fir}, Canada turpentine, a yellowish, viscid liquid, which, by time and exposure, becomes a transparent solid mass. It is obtained from the balm of Gilead (or balsam) fir ({Abies balsamea}) by breaking the vesicles upon the trunk and branches. See {Balm}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Balsam — • Balsam is an oily, resinous, and odorous substance, which flows spontaneously or by incision from certain plants, and which the Church mixes with olive oil for use as chrism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Balsam     Balsam …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BALSAM — BALSAM, spice designated in the Bible by various names: בּׁשֶׂם (bosem), בֶּשֶׂם (besem), צֳרִי (ẓori), נָטָף (nataf), and, in rabbinic literature, קָטָף (kataf), בַּלְסָם (balsam), אַפּוֹבַּלְסַמוֹן (appobalsamon), אֲפַרְסְמוֹן (afarsemon),… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Balsam — is a term used for various pleasantly scented plant products. An oily or gummy oleoresin, usually containing benzoic acid or cinnamic acid, obtained from the exudates of various trees and shrubs and used as a base for some botanical medicines.… …   Wikipedia

  • balsam — BALSÁM, balsamuri, s.n. 1. Suc gros şi parfumat extras din răşini sau din alte substanţe vegetale, folosit ca preparat aromat şi curativ. ♦ fig. Miros foarte plăcut. ♦ Substanţă aromată folosită la îmbălsămarea cadavrelor. 2. fig. Alinare,… …   Dicționar Român

  • balsam — [bôl′səm] n. [OE < L balsamum: see BALM] 1. any of various oily or gummy aromatic resins obtained from various plants and containing either benzoic or cinnamic acid 2. any of various aromatic, resinous oils or fluids 3. any aromatic… …   English World dictionary

  • Balsam — Sm ein Linderungsmittel erw. exot. ass. (11. Jh.), mhd. balsame, ahd. balsamo Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. balsamum n. Balsamstrauch, Balsamharz , dieses aus gr. bálsamon n., aus hebr. bāsām. Die ursprüngliche südarabische Form hatte ein laterales …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • balsam — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. balsammie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} półpłynna, aromatyczna substancja zawierająca żywicę i olejki eteryczne, otrzymywana przeważnie z drzew tropikalnych, stosowana w …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Balsam — Bal sam, v. t. To treat or anoint with balsam; to relieve, as with balsam; to render balsamic. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Balsam — Balsam, Balsamum, heißt man eine ölige, stark riechende, dickflüssige Materie die entweder natürlich durch Ausschwitzen von Harzbäumen oder durch gemachte Einschnitte vorkommt oder künstlich aus verschiedenen Harzen und Oelen mit Spiritus… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • balsam — 1570s, aromatic resin used for healing wounds and soothing pains, from L. balsamum gum of the balsam tree (see BALM (Cf. balm)). There is an isolated O.E. reference from c.1000, and M.E. used basme, baume, from the French form of the word. As a… …   Etymology dictionary

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