Pulmonary emphysema
Emphysema Em`phy*se"ma, n. [NL., from Gr. ? inflation, fr. ? to inflate; ? in + ? to blow: cf. F. emphys[`e]me.] (Med.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue. [1913 Webster]

{Emphysema of the lungs}, {Pulmonary emphysema} (Med.), a common disease of the lungs in which the air cells are distended and their partition walls ruptured by an abnormal pressure of the air contained in them. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • pulmonary emphysema — noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑emphysema • Derivationally related forms: ↑emphysematous (for: ↑emphysema) …   Useful english dictionary

  • pulmonary emphysema — a condition of the lung characterized by an abnormal increase in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles. Types named according to location of the damage include centriacinar e., distal acinar e., and panacinar e …   Medical dictionary

  • acute bovine pulmonary emphysema — acute pulmonary emphysema of cattle fog fever …   Medical dictionary

  • Emphysema — Em phy*se ma, n. [NL., from Gr. ? inflation, fr. ? to inflate; ? in + ? to blow: cf. F. emphys[ e]me.] (Med.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue. [1913 Webster] {Emphysema of the lungs}, {Pulmonary emphysema} (Med.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emphysema of the lungs — Emphysema Em phy*se ma, n. [NL., from Gr. ? inflation, fr. ? to inflate; ? in + ? to blow: cf. F. emphys[ e]me.] (Med.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue. [1913 Webster] {Emphysema of the lungs}, {Pulmonary… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • emphysema — Pulmonary emphysema is a disorder affecting the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs. The transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs takes place in the walls of the alveoli. In emphysema, the alveoli become abnormally inflated, damaging… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • emphysema — (also pulmonary emphysema) ► NOUN Medicine ▪ a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness. ORIGIN Greek emphus ma, from emphusan puff up …   English terms dictionary

  • emphysema — Pulmonary emphysema is associated with chronic bronchitis and may be caused by excessive leucocyte elastase activity in the alveolar walls (possibly as a result of the inactivation of a 1 antiprotease by active oxygen species released by… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Emphysema — For the condition describing air trapped under the skin, see subcutaneous emphysema. Emphysema Classification and external resources A lateral chest x ray of a person with emphysema. Note the barrel chest and flat diaphragm …   Wikipedia

  • emphysema — emphysematous /em feuh sem euh teuhs, see meuh , zem euh , zee meuh /, adj. emphysemic, adj. /em feuh see meuh, zee /, n. Pathol. 1. a chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs characterized by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs… …   Universalium

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