psychoneurosis maidica
Pellagra Pel"la*gra (p[e^]l"l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal disturbance and nervous symptoms. It is due to a deficiency of niacin in the diet, and may be caused by malnutrition, or, in some cases, by a heavy dependence on maize for food. It was at one time (ca. 1890) endemic in Northern Italy, and was called {Alpine scurvy}. It may also be caused by alcoholism or diease causing an impairment of nutrition. It is also called {St. Ignatius's itch}, {maidism}, {mal de la rosa}, {mal rosso}, and {psychoneurosis maidica}. A variety of pellagra seen in children is called {infantile pellagra} or {kwashiorkor}. --[Stedman] [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • psychoneurosis — 1. A mental or behavioral disorder of mild or moderate severity. 2. Formerly a classification of neurosis that included hysteria, psychasthenia, neurasthenia, and the anxiety and phobic disorders. [psycho + G. neuron, nerve, + osis …   Medical dictionary

  • Alpine scurvy — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • infantile pellagra — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kwashiorkor — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • maidism — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mal de la rosa — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mal rosso — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pellagra — Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal disturbance …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • St Ignatius's itch — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pellagra — A syndrome due to deficiency of niacin, one of the B complex vitamins. Pellagra was known as the disease of the four D s dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia and death. The disease is specifically characterized by: Dermatitis: A rash on areas of the… …   Medical dictionary

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