Psychoanalysis Psy`cho*a*nal"y*sis, n. 1. A method or process of psychotherapeutic analysis and treatment pf psychoneuroses, based on the work of Dr. Sigmund Freud (1856- 1939) of Vienna. The method rests upon the theory that neurosis is characteristically due to repression of desires consciously rejected but subconsciously persistent; it consists in a close analysis of the patient's mental history, effort being made to bring unconsciuos and preconscious material to consciousness; the methods include analysis of transferance and resistance. In some variants, stress is laid upon the dream life, and of treatment by means of suggestion. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

2. The theory of human psychology which is the foundation for the psychoanalytic therapy, which explores the relation between conscious and unconscious mental processes in motivating human behavior and causing neuroses. [PJC]

3. An integrated set of theories of human personality development, motivation, and behavior based on a body of observations. --[Stedman] [PJC]

4. One of several schools of psychotherapy, such as {jungian psychoanalysis} or {freudian psychoanalysis}. --[Stedman] [PJC] -- {Psy`cho*an`a*lyt"ic}, a.; {Psych`o*an"al*ist}, n., etc. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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