Prunus occidentalis
Laurel Lau"rel, n. [OE. lorel, laurer, lorer, OF. lorier, laurier, F. laurier, (assumed) LL. Laurarius, fr. L. laurus.] 1. (Bot.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus {Laurus} ({Laurus nobilis}), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also {sweet bay}.

Note: The fruit is a purple berry. It is found about the Mediterranean, and was early used by the ancient Greeks to crown the victor in the games of Apollo. At a later period, academic honors were indicated by a crown of laurel, with the fruit. The leaves and tree yield an aromatic oil, used to flavor the bay water of commerce. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name is extended to other plants which in some respect resemble the true laurel. See Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

2. A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels. [1913 Webster]

3. An English gold coin made in 1619, and so called because the king's head on it was crowned with laurel. [1913 Webster]

{Laurel water}, water distilled from the fresh leaves of the cherry laurel, and containing prussic acid and other products carried over in the process. [1913 Webster]

{American laurel}, or {Mountain laurel}, {Kalmia latifolia}; called also {calico bush}. See under {Mountain}.

{California laurel}, {Umbellularia Californica}.

{Cherry laurel} (in England called {laurel}). See under {Cherry}.

{Great laurel}, the rosebay ({Rhododendron maximum}).

{Ground laurel}, trailing arbutus.

{New Zealand laurel}, the {Laurelia Nov[ae] Zelandi[ae]}.

{Portugal laurel}, the {Prunus Lusitanica}.

{Rose laurel}, the oleander. See {Oleander}.

{Sheep laurel}, a poisonous shrub, {Kalmia angustifolia}, smaller than the mountain laurel, and with smaller and redder flowers.

{Spurge laurel}, {Daphne Laureola}.

{West Indian laurel}, {Prunus occidentalis}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prunus occidentalis — Prune Prune, n. [F. prune, from L. prunum a plum. See {Plum}.] A plum; esp., a dried plum, used in cookery; as, French or Turkish prunes; California prunes. [1913 Webster] {German prune} (Bot.), a large dark purple plum, of oval shape, often one… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prunus occidentalis — ID 68094 Symbol Key PROC Common Name western cherry laurel Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution PR Growth Habit Tree Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Prunus occidentalis Sw. — Symbol PROC Common Name western cherry laurel Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Prunus — cerasus (Sour Cherry) in bloom Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Prunus — Prunus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prunus — Para otros usos de este término, véase Prunus (desambiguación).   Prunus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Prunus — Prunus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prunus domestica — Prune Prune, n. [F. prune, from L. prunum a plum. See {Plum}.] A plum; esp., a dried plum, used in cookery; as, French or Turkish prunes; California prunes. [1913 Webster] {German prune} (Bot.), a large dark purple plum, of oval shape, often one… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prunus Lusitanica — Laurel Lau rel, n. [OE. lorel, laurer, lorer, OF. lorier, laurier, F. laurier, (assumed) LL. Laurarius, fr. L. laurus.] 1. (Bot.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus {Laurus} ({Laurus nobilis}), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cherry — This article is about the fruit. For other uses, see Cherry (disambiguation). Cherry tree redirects here. For story about George Washington s honesty, see Parson Weems#The cherry tree anecdote. Cherry Prunus avium (Stella cherry) …   Wikipedia

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