Provost
Provost Prov"ost, n. [OF. provost (L. prae and pro being confused), F. prev[^o]t, fr. L. praepositus placed before, a chief, fr. praeponere to place before: cf. AS. pr[=a]fost, pr[=o]fast. See {Preposition}, and cf. {Propound}.] 1. A person who is appointed to superintend, or preside over, something; the chief magistrate in some cities and towns; as, the provost of Edinburgh or of Glasgow, answering to the mayor of other cities; the provost of a college, answering to president; the provost or head of certain collegiate churches. [1913 Webster]

2. The keeper of a prison. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Note: In France, formerly, a provost was an inferior judge who had cognizance of civil causes. The grand provost of France, or of the household, had jurisdiction in the king's house, and over its officers. [1913 Webster]

{Provost marshal} (often pronounced ?). (a) (Mil.) An officer appointed in every army, in the field, to secure the prisoners confined on charges of a general nature. He also performs such other duties pertaining to police and discipline as the regulations of the service or the commander's orders impose upon him. (b) (Nav.) An officer who has charge of prisoners on trial by court-martial, serves notices to witnesses, etc. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Provost — • An official in a chapter Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Provost     Provost     † Cath …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Provost — steht für: einen Hochschulbeamten, siehe Provost (Universität) einen mittelalterlichen Verwaltungstitel, siehe Profos Provost (Alberta), eine Gemeinde in Kanada Provost ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Claude Provost (1933–1984),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • provost — O.E. profost, from M.L. propositus (reinforced by O.Fr. cognate provost), from L. propositus/praepositus a chief, prefect (Cf. O.Prov. probost, O.H.G. probost, Ger. Propst), lit. placed before, in charge of, from pp. of præponere put before (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • provost — [prō′vōst΄, präv′əst; ] esp. in military use [ prō′vō΄] n. [ME < OE profost & OFr provost, both < ML propositus, for L praepositus, chief, prefect, orig. pp. of praeponere, to set before, place first < prae , before + ponere, to place:… …   English World dictionary

  • Provost — (engl., spr. prówwöst), in England Titel von höhern Geistlichen, auch von Vorstehern der Stadtverwaltungen gewisser Kollegien etc.; Lord P. heißen die Bürgermeister von Edinburg, Glasgow, Aberdeen und Dundee …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Provost — Provŏst (engl., »Vorgesetzter«), Titel höherer kirchlicher Würdenträger, Vorsteher von Colleges; in Schottland Magistratsvorsteher …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • provost — index plenipotentiary Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Provost — Variante de Prévost (voir ce nom), le nom est fréquent dans l Ouest, notamment dans la Sarthe, le Finistère et la Loire Atlantique. Variantes ou formes voisines : Provo (59), Provoost (59), Provos (76), Provoste (59), Provot, Provôt (57, 58),… …   Noms de famille

  • provost — ► NOUN 1) Brit. the position of head in certain university colleges and public schools. 2) N. Amer. a senior administrative officer in certain universities. 3) Scottish a mayor. 4) the head of a chapter in a cathedral. 5) historical the chief… …   English terms dictionary

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