propionitrile
Nitrile Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro-}.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({-CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. [1913 Webster]

Note: The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is {formic nitrile}, methyl cyanide is {acetonitrile} (also {acetic nitrile}), and ethyl cyanide is {propionitrile} (from propionic acid). [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Propionitrile — Chembox new Name = Propionitrile ImageFile = Propionitrile.png ImageName = Propionitrile IUPACName = Propanenitrile OtherNames = Propionitrile Ethyl cyanide Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo = 107 12 0 SMILES = CCC#N Section2 = Chembox… …   Wikipedia

  • propionitrile — propionnitrilas statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃CH₂CN atitikmenys: angl. ethyl cyanide; propionitrile; propiononitrile rus. пропионитрил; этилцианид ryšiai: sinonimas – propannitrilas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • propionitrile — noun The nitrile CH CH CN; ethyl cyanide …   Wiktionary

  • propionitrile — pro·pio·nitrile …   English syllables

  • propionitrile — |prōpēō+ noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary propion + nitrile : a toxic volatile liquid nitrile C2H5CN that yields propionic acid and ammonia on hydrolysis and is used chiefly as a solvent called also ethyl cyanide …   Useful english dictionary

  • Acetonitrile — Acetonitrile …   Wikipedia

  • List of Extremely Hazardous Substances — This is a list of Extremely Hazardous Substances as defined by Section 302 of the U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act. NOTOC A * Acetone cyanohydrin * Acetone thiosemicarbazide * Acrolein * Acrylamide * Acrylonitrile *… …   Wikipedia

  • acetic nitrile — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acetonitrile — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -CN — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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