private law

private law
Private Pri"vate (?; 48), a. [L. privatus apart from the state, peculiar to an individual, private, properly p. p. of privare to bereave, deprive, originally, to separate, fr. privus single, private, perhaps originally, put forward (hence, alone, single) and akin to prae before. See {Prior}, a., and cf. {Deprive}, {Privy}, a.] 1. Belonging to, or concerning, an individual person, company, or interest; peculiar to one's self; unconnected with others; personal; one's own; not public; not general; separate; as, a man's private opinion; private property; a private purse; private expenses or interests; a private secretary. [1913 Webster]

2. Sequestered from company or observation; appropriated to an individual; secret; secluded; lonely; solitary; as, a private room or apartment; private prayer. [1913 Webster]

Reason . . . then retires Into her private cell when nature rests. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. Not invested with, or engaged in, public office or employment; as, a private citizen; private life. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

A private person may arrest a felon. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

4. Not publicly known; not open; secret; as, a private negotiation; a private understanding. [1913 Webster]

5. Having secret or private knowledge; privy. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

{Private act} or {Private statute}, a statute exclusively for the settlement of private and personal interests, of which courts do not take judicial notice; -- opposed to a {general law}, which operates on the whole community. In the United States Congress, similar private acts are referred to as {private law} and a general law as a {public law}.

{Private nuisance} or {wrong}. See {Nuisance}.

{Private soldier}. See {Private}, n., 5.

{Private way}, a right of private passage over another man's ground; also, a road on private land, contrasted with {public road}, which is on a public right of way. --Kent. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • private law — n: a branch of law concerned with private persons, property, and relationships compare public law Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. private law …   Law dictionary

  • Private law — (Civil law) is that part of a legal system that involves relationships between individuals. This includes the law of contracts or torts and the law of obligations. It is distinguished from public law, which deals with law involving the state,… …   Wikipedia

  • private law — ➔ law * * * private law UK US noun [U] ► LAW the area of law that deals with disagreements between people or companies, rather than disagreements that involve government: »The law of contracts is an important part of private law …   Financial and business terms

  • private law — private .law n [U] law the part of the law relating to ordinary people, private property, and relationships …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • private law — n. that branch of the law dealing with the relationships between individuals: cf. PUBLIC LAW …   English World dictionary

  • private law — noun : a branch of law treating of private matters, involving private persons, property, and relationships, and excluding those matters treated in public law * * * ˌprivate ˈlaw f135 [private law] noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • private law — noun A category of law governing the relationship among persons (citizens or legal persons including corporations), as opposed to relations between the state and persons. Major subdivisions of private law include (depending on whether the… …   Wiktionary

  • private law — pri′vate law′ n. law a branch of law dealing with the legal relationships of private individuals Compare public law 2) • Etymology: 1765–75 …   From formal English to slang

  • private law — noun Date: 1773 a branch of law concerned with private persons, property, and relationships compare public law …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • private law — 1. a branch of law dealing with the legal relationships of private individuals. Cf. public law (def. 2). 2. a statute affecting only one person or a small number of persons directly. [1765 75] * * * …   Universalium

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