Prior
Prior Pri"or, n. [OE. priour, OF. priour, prior, priur, F. prieur, from L. prior former, superior. See {Prior}, a.] 1. (Eccl.) The superior of a priory, and next below an abbot in dignity. [1913 Webster]

2. a chief magistrate, as in the republic of Florence in the middle ages. --[RHUD] [PJC]

{Conventical prior}, or {Conventual prior}, a prior who is at the head of his own house. See the Note under {Priory}.

{Claustral prior}, an official next in rank to the abbot in a monastery; prior of the cloisters. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Prior — • A monastic superior. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Prior     Prior     † Catholic Encyc …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • prior — pri‧or [ˈpraɪə ǁ praɪr] adjective [only before a noun] coming before something is finally decided, agreed etc: • Most firms require prior approval of analysts personal trades before selling stock to them. • Sales are expected to be $62 million,… …   Financial and business terms

  • Prior — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Prior, del latín prior = el primero, es un puesto en algunos monasterios y conventos. Se puede referir al representante del abad en los monasterios que lo tengan (abadía). Este es el caso de los monasterios de las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • prior — pri·or / prī ər/ adj 1: earlier in time or order 2: taking precedence (as in importance) a prior lien Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • PRIOR — in Chartis Dalmaticis, nomen Magistratus, a quo pleraeque civitates Croatiae et Dalmatiae regebantur, qui postmodum Comitis appellatione donatus est, Lucius de Regno Dalmatiae, l. 2. c. 8. 16. et l. 3. c. 12. Ab Italis autem Dalmatae id… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • prior — Ⅰ. prior [1] ► ADJECTIVE ▪ existing or coming before in time, order, or importance. ● prior to Cf. ↑prior to ORIGIN Latin, former, elder . Ⅱ. prior …   English terms dictionary

  • Prior — Sm Klostervorstand per. Wortschatz fach. (13. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. prior, eigentlich der Erste, Vordere , Komparativ neben dem Superlativ l. prīmus erster .    Ebenso nndl. prior, ne. prior, nfrz. prieur, nschw. prior, nisl. príor. ✎… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Prior — Pri or, a. [L. prior former, previous, better, superior; compar. corresponding to primus first, and pro for. See {Former}, and cf. {Prime}, a., and {Pre }, {Pro }.] 1. Preceding in the order of time; former; antecedent; anterior; previous; as, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prior — Prior: Die Bezeichnung für »Klosteroberer; Klostervorsteher« wurde in mhd. Zeit (mhd. prior) aus gleichbed. mlat. prior (eigentlich »der Vordere; der dem Rang nach höher Stehende«) entlehnt, dem substantivierten lat. prior »Ersterer; eher,… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • prior — [prī′ər] adj. [L, former, superior, compar. of OL pri, before: see PRIME] 1. preceding in time; earlier; previous; former 2. preceding in order or importance; preferred [a prior choice] n. [ME < OE & OFr, both < ML(Ec), a prior < L: see… …   English World dictionary

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