prime meridian

prime meridian
Meridian Me*rid"i*an, n. [F. m['e]ridien. See {Meridian}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Midday; noon. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination. [1913 Webster]

I have touched the highest point of all my greatness, And from that full meridian of my glory I haste now to my setting. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. (Astron.) A great circle of the sphere passing through the poles of the heavens and the zenith of a given place. It is crossed by the sun at midday. [1913 Webster]

4. (Geog.) A great circle on the surface of the earth, passing through the poles and any given place; also, the half of such a circle included between the poles. [1913 Webster]

Note: The planes of the geographical and astronomical meridians coincide. Meridians, on a map or globe, are lines drawn at certain intervals due north and south, or in the direction of the poles. [1913 Webster]

{Calculated for the meridian of}, or {fitted to the meridian of}, or {adapted to the meridian of}, suited to the local circumstances, capabilities, or special requirements of. [1913 Webster]

All other knowledge merely serves the concerns of this life, and is fitted to the meridian thereof. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster]

{First meridian} or {prime meridian}, the meridian from which longitudes are reckoned. The meridian of Greenwich is the one commonly employed in calculations of longitude by geographers, and in actual practice, although in various countries other and different meridians, chiefly those which pass through the capitals of the countries, are occasionally used; as, in France, the meridian of Paris; in the United States, the meridian of Washington, etc.

{Guide meridian} (Public Land Survey), a line, marked by monuments, running North and South through a section of country between other more carefully established meridians called principal meridians, used for reference in surveying. [U.S.]

{Magnetic meridian}, a great circle, passing through the zenith and coinciding in direction with the magnetic needle, or a line on the earth's surface having the same direction.

{Meridian circle} (Astron.), an instrument consisting of a telescope attached to a large graduated circle and so mounted that the telescope revolves like the transit instrument in a meridian plane. By it the right ascension and the declination of a star may be measured in a single observation.

{Meridian instrument} (Astron.), any astronomical instrument having a telescope that rotates in a meridian plane.

{Meridian of a globe}, or {Brass meridian}, a graduated circular ring of brass, in which the artificial globe is suspended and revolves. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prime Meridian — 0° Prime Meridian …   Wikipedia

  • Prime meridian — Prime Prime, a. [F., fr. L. primus first, a superl. corresponding to the compar. prior former. See {Prior}, a., {Foremost}, {Former}, and cf. {Prim}, a., {Primary}, {Prince}.] 1. First in order of time; original; primeval; primitive; primary.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prime meridian — n. the meridian from which longitude is measured both east and west; 0° longitude: it passes through Greenwich, England: see LATITUDE …   English World dictionary

  • prime meridian — noun meridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England) • Hypernyms: ↑meridian, ↑line of longitude • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Greenwich Meridian * * * noun the prime meridian : an… …   Useful english dictionary

  • prime meridian — prime′ merid′ian n. geo the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned • Etymology: 1860–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • Prime Meridian — Prime Me|rid|i|an the imaginary line drawn from north to south on the earth, from which east and west are measured in degrees on a map …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • prime meridian — noun Date: circa 1859 the meridian of 0 degrees longitude which runs through the original site of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, and from which other longitudes are reckoned …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • prime meridian — the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned. [1860 65] * * * …   Universalium

  • prime meridian — noun The reference line at 0° longitude, passing through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is measured. Syn: Greenwich meridian …   Wiktionary

  • prime meridian — The meridian passing through Greenwich (UK). It is longitude 0°. See longitude …   Aviation dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”