Primary alcohol
Primary Pri"ma*ry, a. [L. primarius, fr. primus first: cf. F. primaire. See {Prime}, a., and cf. {Premier}, {Primero}.] 1. First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original. [1913 Webster]

The church of Christ, in its primary institution. --Bp. Pearson. [1913 Webster]

These I call original, or primary, qualities of body. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

2. First in order, as being preparatory to something higher; as, primary assemblies; primary schools. [1913 Webster]

3. First in dignity or importance; chief; principal; as, primary planets; a matter of primary importance. [1913 Webster]

4. (Geol.) Earliest formed; fundamental. [1913 Webster]

5. (Chem.) Illustrating, possessing, or characterized by, some quality or property in the first degree; having undergone the first stage of substitution or replacement. [1913 Webster]

{Primary alcohol} (Organic Chem.), any alcohol which possess the group {CH2.OH}, and can be oxidized so as to form a corresponding aldehyde and acid having the same number of carbon atoms; -- distinguished from {secondary & tertiary alcohols}.

{Primary amine} (Chem.), an amine containing the amido group, or a derivative of ammonia in which only one atom of hydrogen has been replaced by a basic radical; -- distinguished from {secondary & tertiary amines}.

{Primary amputation} (Surg.), an amputation for injury performed as soon as the shock due to the injury has passed away, and before symptoms of inflammation supervene.

{Primary axis} (Bot.), the main stalk which bears a whole cluster of flowers.

{Primary colors}. See under {Color}.

{Primary meeting}, a meeting of citizens at which the first steps are taken towards the nomination of candidates, etc. See {Caucus}.

{Primary pinna} (Bot.), one of those portions of a compound leaf or frond which branch off directly from the main rhachis or stem, whether simple or compounded.

{Primary planets}. (Astron.) See the Note under {Planet}.

{Primary qualities of bodies}, such are essential to and inseparable from them.

{Primary quills} (Zo["o]l.), the largest feathers of the wing of a bird; primaries.

{Primary rocks} (Geol.), a term early used for rocks supposed to have been first formed, being crystalline and containing no organic remains, as granite, gneiss, etc.; -- called also {primitive rocks}. The terms Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary rocks have also been used in like manner, but of these the last two only are now in use.

{Primary salt} (Chem.), a salt derived from a polybasic acid in which only one acid hydrogen atom has been replaced by a base or basic radical.

{Primary syphilis} (Med.), the initial stage of syphilis, including the period from the development of the original lesion or chancre to the first manifestation of symptoms indicative of general constitutional infection.

{Primary union} (Surg.), union without suppuration; union by the first intention. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • primary alcohol — n an alcohol that possesses the group CH2OH and can be oxidized so as to form a corresponding aldehyde and acid having the same number of carbon atoms * * * an alcohol in which the carbon atom attached to the hydroxyl group carries a single alkyl …   Medical dictionary

  • Primary alcohol — A primary alcohol is an alcohol which has the hydroxyl radical connected to a primary carbon. It can also be defined as a molecule containing a “–CH2OH” group.cite web |url=http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi bin/omd?primary+alcohol |title=Definition …   Wikipedia

  • primary alcohol — pirminis alkoholis statusas T sritis chemija formulė RCH₂OH atitikmenys: angl. primary alcohol rus. первичный спирт …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • primary alcohol — noun Any alcohol of general formula R CH OH …   Wiktionary

  • primary alcohol — noun : an alcohol that possesses the group −CH2OH and can be oxidized so as to form a corresponding aldehyde and acid having the same number of carbon atoms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alcohol withdrawal syndrome — is the set of symptoms seen when an individual reduces or stops alcohol consumption after prolonged period of excessive alcohol intake. Excessive misuse of alcohol leads to tolerance, physical dependence and an alcohol withdrawal… …   Wikipedia

  • Primary — Pri ma*ry, a. [L. primarius, fr. primus first: cf. F. primaire. See {Prime}, a., and cf. {Premier}, {Primero}.] 1. First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original. [1913 Webster] The church of Christ, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Primary amine — Primary Pri ma*ry, a. [L. primarius, fr. primus first: cf. F. primaire. See {Prime}, a., and cf. {Premier}, {Primero}.] 1. First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original. [1913 Webster] The church of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Primary amputation — Primary Pri ma*ry, a. [L. primarius, fr. primus first: cf. F. primaire. See {Prime}, a., and cf. {Premier}, {Primero}.] 1. First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original. [1913 Webster] The church of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Primary axis — Primary Pri ma*ry, a. [L. primarius, fr. primus first: cf. F. primaire. See {Prime}, a., and cf. {Premier}, {Primero}.] 1. First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original. [1913 Webster] The church of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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