Presumption
Presumption Pre*sump"tion (?; 215), n. [L. praesumptio: cf. F. pr['e]somption, OF. also presumpcion. See {Presume}.] 1. The act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; the act of assuming or taking for granted; belief upon incomplete proof. [1913 Webster]

2. Ground for presuming; evidence probable, but not conclusive; strong probability; reasonable supposition; as, the presumption is that an event has taken place. [1913 Webster]

3. That which is presumed or assumed; that which is supposed or believed to be real or true, on evidence that is probable but not conclusive. ``In contradiction to these very plausible presumptions.'' --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]

4. The act of venturing beyond due beyond due bounds; an overstepping of the bounds of reverence, respect, or courtesy; forward, overconfident, or arrogant opinion or conduct; presumptuousness; arrogance; effrontery. [1913 Webster]

Thy son I killed for his presumption. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

I had the presumption to dedicate to you a very unfinished piece. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

{Conclusive presumption}. See under {Conclusive}.

{Presumption of fact} (Law), an argument of a fact from a fact; an inference as to the existence of one fact not certainly known, from the existence of some other fact known or proved, founded on a previous experience of their connection; supposition of the truth or real existence of something, without direct or positive proof of the fact, but grounded on circumstantial or probable evidence which entitles it to belief. --Burrill. --Best. --Wharton.

{Presumption of law} (Law), a postulate applied in advance to all cases of a particular class; e. g., the presumption of innocence and of regularity of records. Such a presumption is rebuttable or irrebuttable. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • presumption — pre·sump·tion /pri zəmp shən/ n: an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact conclusive presumption: a presumption that the law does not… …   Law dictionary

  • Presumption — • A product of pride, and a vice opposed to the theological virtue of hope • A term signifying a reasonable conjecture concerning something doubtful, drawn from arguments and appearances, which by the force of circumstances can be accepted as a… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • presumption — pre‧sump‧tion [prɪˈzʌmpʆn] noun [countable, uncountable] LAW the act of thinking that something is true because it seems very likely, although there is no proof: • The amendment would create a legal presumption. presumption of • The claims… …   Financial and business terms

  • presumption — [n1] belief, hypothesis anticipation, apriorism, assumption, basis, chance, conjecture, grounds, guess, likelihood, opinion, plausibility, posit, postulate, postulation, premise, presupposition, probability, reason, shot, shot in the dark*,… …   New thesaurus

  • presumption — (n.) mid 13c., seizure and occupation without right, also taking upon oneself more than is warranted, from L.L. praesumptionem confidence, audacity, in classical Latin, a taking for granted, anticipation, from praesumere to take beforehand, from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • presumption — presupposition, assumption, postulate, premise, posit (see under PRESUPPOSE) Analogous words: view, *opinion, conviction, belief: conjecture, surmise (see under CONJECTURE vb) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • presumption — ► NOUN 1) an act or instance of presuming something to be the case. 2) an idea that is presumed to be true. 3) arrogant or disrespectful behaviour. 4) chiefly Law an attitude adopted towards something in the absence of contrary factors …   English terms dictionary

  • presumption — [prē zump′shən, prizump′shən] n. [ME < OFr presumpcion < L praesumptio, a taking beforehand < praesumptus, pp. of praesumere: see PRESUME] 1. the act of presuming; specif., a) an overstepping of proper bounds; forwardness; effrontery b)… …   English World dictionary

  • presumption — An inference in favor of a particular fact. A presumption is a rule of law, statutory or judicial, by which finding of a basic fact gives rise to existence of presumed fact, until presumption is rebutted. Van Wart v. Cook, Okl.App., 557 P.2d 1161 …   Black's law dictionary

  • Presumption — In the law of evidence, a presumption of a particular fact can be made without the aid of proof in some situations. The types of presumption includes a rebuttable discretionary presumption, a rebuttable mandatory presumption, and an irrebutable… …   Wikipedia

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