Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It is used in making brass, britannia, and other alloys, and is also largely consumed in electric batteries. Symbol Zn. Atomic number 30. Atomic weight 65.38. [Formerly written also {zink}.] [1913 Webster]

{Butter of zinc} (Old Chem.), zinc chloride, {ZnCl2}, a deliquescent white waxy or oily substance.

{Oxide of zinc}. (Chem.) See {Zinc oxide}, below.

{Zinc amine} (Chem.), a white amorphous substance, {Zn(NH2)2}, obtained by the action of ammonia on zinc ethyl; -- called also {zinc amide}.

{Zinc amyle} (Chem.), a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of zinc and amyle, which, when exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes, and absorbs oxygen with rapidity.

{Zinc blende} [cf. G. zinkblende] (Min.), a native zinc sulphide. See {Blende}, n. (a) .

{Zinc bloom} [cf. G. zinkblumen flowers of zinc, oxide of zinc] (Min.), hydrous carbonate of zinc, usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; -- called also {hydrozincite}.

{Zinc ethyl} (Chem.), a colorless, transparent, poisonous liquid, composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes fire spontaneously on exposure to the atmosphere.

{Zinc green}, a green pigment consisting of zinc and cobalt oxides; -- called also {Rinmann's green}.

{Zinc methyl} (Chem.), a colorless mobile liquid {Zn(CH3)2}, produced by the action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium alloy. It has a disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in the air. It has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic compounds, and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as zinc ethyl, zinc amyle, etc.

{Zinc oxide} (Chem.), the oxide of zinc, {ZnO}, forming a light fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; -- called also {flowers of zinc}, {philosopher's wool}, {nihil album}, etc. The impure oxide produced by burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting brass, is called also {pompholyx}, and {tutty}.

{Zinc spinel} (Min.), a mineral, related to spinel, consisting essentially of the oxides of zinc and aluminium; gahnite.

{Zinc vitriol} (Chem.), zinc sulphate. See {White vitriol}, under {Vitriol}.

{Zinc white}, a white powder consisting of zinc oxide, used as a pigment. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pompholyx — Pom pho*lyx, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? a bubble, the slag on the surface of smelted ore, from ? a blister.] 1. (Old Chem.) Impure zinc oxide. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A skin disease in which there is an eruption of bull[ae], without inflammation or fever …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pomphŏlyx — (gr.), 1) (Med.), so v.w. Pemphigus; 2) so v.w. Weißes Nichts, s. u. Nichts 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pompholyx — Pompholyx, s. Zinkoxyd; als Krankheit soviel wie Pemphigus (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pompholyx — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 L30.1 Dyshidrosis (Pompholyx) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pompholyx — SYN: dyshidrosis. [G. a bubble, fr. pomphos, a blister] * * * pom·pho·lyx päm(p) fə .liks n a skin disease marked by an eruption of vesicles esp. on the palms and soles * * * n. eczema of the hands (see also cheiropompholyx) and feet… …   Medical dictionary

  • pompholyx — pompholix ou pompholyx (pon fo liks ) s. m. 1°   L oxyde de zinc par sublimation. 2°   Terme de médecine. Éruption bulleuse semblable au pemphigus. HISTORIQUE    XVIe s. •   Le pompholyx lavé en suc de morelle ou plantain profite bien aux… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Pompholyx — Dyshidrose Dyshidrose de la face latérale des doigts à un stade avancé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pompholyx — n. eczema of the hands (see also cheiropompholyx) and feet (podopompholyx). Because the horny layer of the skin in these parts is so thick the vesicles typical of eczema cannot rupture; they therefore persist in the skin, looking like sago grains …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Pompholyx — Dyshidrose; dyshidrotisches Ekzem; Dyshidrosis; dyshidrosiformes Ekzem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pompholyx — Pọm|pholyx [von gr. πομϕολυξ = Blase, Wasserblase] w; : auf ↑Dyshidrose beruhendes Auftreten flüssigkeitsgefüllter Hautblasen, bes. an Händen und Füßen …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

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