polygalic acid
Saponin Sap"o*nin, n. [L. sapo, -onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which occasions a soapy lather in solution, and produces a local an[ae]sthesia. Formerly called also {struthiin}, {quillaiin}, {senegin}, {polygalic acid}, etc. By extension, any one of a group of related bodies of which saponin proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • polygalic acid — noun Former name of the poisonous glucoside saponin …   Wiktionary

  • Polygalic — Po*lyg a*lic, a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, Polygala; specifically, designating an acrid glucoside (called polygalic acid, senegin, etc.), resembling, or possibly identical with, saponin. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • polygalic — adjective Of, pertaining to, or obtained from Polygala; specifically, designating an acrid glucoside (called polygalic acid, senegin, etc.), resembling, or possibly identical with, saponin …   Wiktionary

  • Сапонины — Сапонины  безазотистые[1] гликозиды растительного происхождения с поверхностно активными свойствами. Растворы сапонинов при взбалтывании образуют густую стойкую пену. Название происходит от латинского sapo (род. падеж saponis)  мыло[2] …   Википедия

  • Polygala Senega — Senegin Sen e*gin, n. (Med. Chem.) A substance extracted from the rootstock of the {Polygala Senega} (Seneca root), and probably identical with polygalic acid. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quillaia — Saponin Sap o*nin, n. [L. sapo, onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quillaiin — Saponin Sap o*nin, n. [L. sapo, onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saponaria — Saponin Sap o*nin, n. [L. sapo, onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saponin — Sap o*nin, n. [L. sapo, onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • senegin — Saponin Sap o*nin, n. [L. sapo, onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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