Polar coordinates
Polar Po"lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster]

2. Of or pertaining to the magnetic pole, or to the point to which the magnetic needle is directed. [1913 Webster]

3. (Geom.) Pertaining to, reckoned from, or having a common radiating point; as, polar co["o]rdinates. [1913 Webster]

{Polar axis}, that axis of an astronomical instrument, as an equatorial, which is parallel to the earths axis.

{Polar bear} (Zo["o]l.), a large bear ({Ursus maritimus} syn. {Thalarctos maritimus}) inhabiting the arctic regions. It sometimes measures nearly nine feet in length and weighs 1,600 pounds. It is partially amphibious, very powerful, and the most carnivorous of all the bears. The fur is white, tinged with yellow. Called also {White bear}. See {Bear}.

{Polar body}, {Polar cell}, or {Polar globule} (Biol.), a minute cell which separates by karyokinesis from the ovum during its maturation. In the maturation of ordinary ova two polar bodies are formed, but in parthogenetic ova only one. The first polar body formed is usually larger than the second one, and often divides into two after its separation from the ovum. Each of the polar bodies removes maternal chromatin from the ovum to make room for the chromatin of the fertilizing spermatozo["o]n; but their functions are not fully understood.

{Polar circles} (Astron. & Geog.), two circles, each at a distance from a pole of the earth equal to the obliquity of the ecliptic, or about 23[deg] 28', the northern called the arctic circle, and the southern the antarctic circle.

{Polar clock}, a tube, containing a polarizing apparatus, turning on an axis parallel to that of the earth, and indicating the hour of the day on an hour circle, by being turned toward the plane of maximum polarization of the light of the sky, which is always 90[deg] from the sun.

{Polar co["o]rdinates}. See under 3d {Co["o]rdinate}.

{Polar dial}, a dial whose plane is parallel to a great circle passing through the poles of the earth. --Math. Dict.

{Polar distance}, the angular distance of any point on a sphere from one of its poles, particularly of a heavenly body from the north pole of the heavens.

{Polar equation of a line} or {Polar equation of a surface}, an equation which expresses the relation between the polar co["o]rdinates of every point of the line or surface.

{Polar forces} (Physics), forces that are developed and act in pairs, with opposite tendencies or properties in the two elements, as magnetism, electricity, etc.

{Polar hare} (Zo["o]l.), a large hare of Arctic America ({Lepus arcticus}), which turns pure white in winter. It is probably a variety of the common European hare ({Lepus timidus}).

{Polar lights}, the aurora borealis or australis.

{Polar opposition}, or {Polaric opposition} or {Polar contrast} or {Polaric contrast} (Logic), an opposition or contrast made by the existence of two opposite conceptions which are the extremes in a species, as white and black in colors; hence, as great an opposition or contrast as possible.

{Polar projection}. See under {Projection}.

{Polar spherical triangle} (Spherics), a spherical triangle whose three angular points are poles of the sides of a given triangle. See 4th {Pole}, 2.

{Polar whale} (Zo["o]l.), the right whale, or bowhead. See {Whale}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • polar coordinates — n. a pair of numbers that locate a point in a plane: one is the distance of the point from a fixed point on a fixed line, and the other is the angle made by the fixed line with the line connecting the two points …   English World dictionary

  • polar coordinates — Math. a system of coordinates for locating a point in a plane by the length of its radius vector and the angle this vector makes with the polar axis (polar angle). [1810 20] * * *       system of locating points in a plane with reference to a… …   Universalium

  • polar coordinates — The coordinates derived from the distance and angular measurements from a fixed point (i.e., pole). Polar coordinates are almost always used in plotting antenna direction patterns. topographical maps, radio aids, and meteorological charts for use …   Aviation dictionary

  • polar coordinates — polinės koordinatės statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. polar coordinates vok. Polarkoordinaten, f rus. полярные координаты, f pranc. coordonnées polaires, f …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • polar coordinates — polinės koordinatės statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis (artilerija). Kryptis, nuotolis ir vertikalus nuokrypis nuo stebėtojo į taikinį. atitikmenys: angl. polar coordinates rus. полярные координаты …   Artilerijos terminų žodynas

  • polar coordinates — polinės koordinatės statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Koordinatės, kai atstumas ir kampas išmatuoti nuo pasirinkto taško (krypties). atitikmenys: angl. polar coordinates rus. полярные координаты …   Artilerijos terminų žodynas

  • polar coordinates — polinės koordinatės statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. polar coordinates vok. Polarkoordinaten, f rus. полярные координаты, f pranc. coordonnées polaires, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • polar coordinates — polinės koordinatės statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Antžeminės ir jūrų artilerijos paramos ugnimi metu – nustatytas iš stebėtojo pozicijos krypties, nuotolio ir aukščio nuokrypis nuo taikinio. atitikmenys: angl. polar coordinates pranc.… …   NATO terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • polar coordinates — polinės koordinatės statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Atstumo ir kampo koordinatės, apskaičiuotos nuo pasirinkto taško (poliaus) ir krypties (žemėlapio tinklas, magnetinė kryptis į šiaurę). atitikmenys: angl. polar coordinates pranc.… …   NATO terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • polar coordinates — Math. a system of coordinates for locating a point in a plane by the length of its radius vector and the angle this vector makes with the polar axis (polar angle). [1810 20] …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”