Polar axis
Polar Po"lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster]

2. Of or pertaining to the magnetic pole, or to the point to which the magnetic needle is directed. [1913 Webster]

3. (Geom.) Pertaining to, reckoned from, or having a common radiating point; as, polar co["o]rdinates. [1913 Webster]

{Polar axis}, that axis of an astronomical instrument, as an equatorial, which is parallel to the earths axis.

{Polar bear} (Zo["o]l.), a large bear ({Ursus maritimus} syn. {Thalarctos maritimus}) inhabiting the arctic regions. It sometimes measures nearly nine feet in length and weighs 1,600 pounds. It is partially amphibious, very powerful, and the most carnivorous of all the bears. The fur is white, tinged with yellow. Called also {White bear}. See {Bear}.

{Polar body}, {Polar cell}, or {Polar globule} (Biol.), a minute cell which separates by karyokinesis from the ovum during its maturation. In the maturation of ordinary ova two polar bodies are formed, but in parthogenetic ova only one. The first polar body formed is usually larger than the second one, and often divides into two after its separation from the ovum. Each of the polar bodies removes maternal chromatin from the ovum to make room for the chromatin of the fertilizing spermatozo["o]n; but their functions are not fully understood.

{Polar circles} (Astron. & Geog.), two circles, each at a distance from a pole of the earth equal to the obliquity of the ecliptic, or about 23[deg] 28', the northern called the arctic circle, and the southern the antarctic circle.

{Polar clock}, a tube, containing a polarizing apparatus, turning on an axis parallel to that of the earth, and indicating the hour of the day on an hour circle, by being turned toward the plane of maximum polarization of the light of the sky, which is always 90[deg] from the sun.

{Polar co["o]rdinates}. See under 3d {Co["o]rdinate}.

{Polar dial}, a dial whose plane is parallel to a great circle passing through the poles of the earth. --Math. Dict.

{Polar distance}, the angular distance of any point on a sphere from one of its poles, particularly of a heavenly body from the north pole of the heavens.

{Polar equation of a line} or {Polar equation of a surface}, an equation which expresses the relation between the polar co["o]rdinates of every point of the line or surface.

{Polar forces} (Physics), forces that are developed and act in pairs, with opposite tendencies or properties in the two elements, as magnetism, electricity, etc.

{Polar hare} (Zo["o]l.), a large hare of Arctic America ({Lepus arcticus}), which turns pure white in winter. It is probably a variety of the common European hare ({Lepus timidus}).

{Polar lights}, the aurora borealis or australis.

{Polar opposition}, or {Polaric opposition} or {Polar contrast} or {Polaric contrast} (Logic), an opposition or contrast made by the existence of two opposite conceptions which are the extremes in a species, as white and black in colors; hence, as great an opposition or contrast as possible.

{Polar projection}. See under {Projection}.

{Polar spherical triangle} (Spherics), a spherical triangle whose three angular points are poles of the sides of a given triangle. See 4th {Pole}, 2.

{Polar whale} (Zo["o]l.), the right whale, or bowhead. See {Whale}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • polar axis — polinė ašis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. polar axis vok. polare Achse, f rus. полярная ось, f pranc. axe polaire, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • polar axis — noun 1. : the axis of rotation of an equatorial mounting that is set parallel to the earth s axis permitting a telescope to be turned in hour angle or right ascension 2. : the reference line in polar coordinates from which the angle coordinate is …   Useful english dictionary

  • polar axis — Math. the fixed line, usually horizontal, from which the angle made by the radius vector is measured in a polar coordinate system. [1890 95] * * * …   Universalium

  • polar axis — /poʊlər ˈæksəs/ (say pohluhr aksuhs) noun a line about which a body rotates, or about which a rotation is measured …   Australian English dictionary

  • Polar — Po lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polar bear — Polar Po lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polar body — Polar Po lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polar cell — Polar Po lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polar circles — Polar Po lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polar clock — Polar Po lar, a. [Cf. F. polaire. See {Pole} of the earth.] 1. Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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