bacitracin
bacitracin acitracin n. (1940) [Bacillus + Margaret Tracy, (a child whose tissues contained {Bacillus subtilis}) + -in. --RHUD.] a polypeptide antibacterial antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms, and usually used topically for superficial local infection.

Note: It is produced by {Bacillus subtilis} and {Bacillus licheniformis}, and as produced commercially is composed of several closely related substances. The predominant component, {Bacitracin A}, has a formula {C60H103N17O16S}, and contains D-ornithine, D-phenylalanine and D-glutamine residues as well as the L-isomers of leucine, isoleucine, histidine, asparagine and aspartic acid. --[MI11] [WordNet 1.5]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bacitracin — (Bacillus subtilis) Strukturformel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bacitracin — bacitracin. См. бацитрацин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • bacitracin — ☆ bacitracin [bas΄i trā′sin ] n. [arbitrary blend < BACILLUS + (Margaret) Trac(y), name of Am girl (1936 ) from whose wounds the strain was isolated + IN1] an antibiotic obtained from a strain of bacteria (Bacillus subtilis) and used in the… …   English World dictionary

  • Bacitracin — drugbox IUPAC name = 5 (1 (4 (14 ((1 H imidazol 5 yl)methyl) 20 (2 amino 2 oxoethyl) 11 benzyl 8 sec butyl 17 (carboxymethyl) 3,6,9,12,15,18,21 heptaoxo 1,4,7,10,13,16,19 heptaazacyclohenicosan 2 yl)butylamino) 3 methyl 1 oxopentan 2 ylamino) 4… …   Wikipedia

  • bacitracin — noun A nonprescription antibiotic, usually provided in topical ointment form and discovered as a product of the bacterium Bacillus subtilis. <!From the discussion page for John Kerry in Wikipedia: , Ive seen it both ways but lower case is more …   Wiktionary

  • bacitracin — An antibacterial antibiotic polypeptide of known chemical structure isolated from cultures of an aerobic, Gram positive, spore bearing bacillus (member of the Bacillus subtilis group); active against hemolytic streptococci …   Medical dictionary

  • bacitracin — noun Etymology: New Latin Bacillus subtilis (species of bacillus producing the toxin) + Margaret Tracy b ab 1936 American child in whose tissues it was found Date: 1945 a polypeptide antibiotic isolated from a bacillus (Bacillus subtilis or B.… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • bacitracin — Branched cyclic peptides produced by strains of Bacillus licheniformis. Interfere with murein (peptidoglycan) synthesis in Gram positive bacteria …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • bacitracin — /bas i tray sin/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic polypeptide derived by the hydrolytic action of Bacillus subtilis on protein, primarily used topically in the treatment of superficial infections caused by susceptible Gram positive organisms. [1940 45;… …   Universalium

  • Bacitracin — Ba|ci|tra|cin [nlat. Bacillus subtilis, ein Krankheitserreger (Mikrobiol.); zum Namen von M. Tracy, in deren Körper der Erreger erstmals nachgewiesen wurde; ↑ in (3)], das; s, e: antibiotisch wirksamer Cyclopeptid Komplex, der med. u.… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”