Pleas of the crown

Pleas of the crown
Crown Crown (kroun), n. [OE. corone, coroun, crune, croun, OF. corone, corune, F. couronne, fr. L. corona crown, wreath; akin to Gr. korw`nh anything curved, crown; cf. also L. curvus curved, E. curve, curb, Gael. cruinn round, W. crwn. Cf. {Cornice}, {Corona}, {Coroner}, {Coronet}.] 1. A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head, especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction; hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or successful effort; a reward. ``An olive branch and laurel crown.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

They do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. --1 Cor. ix. 25. [1913 Webster]

Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. --Rev. ii. 10. [1913 Webster]

2. A royal headdress or cap of sovereignty, worn by emperors, kings, princes, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: Nobles wear coronets; the triple crown of the pope is usually called a tiara. The crown of England is a circle of gold with crosses, fleurs-de-lis, and imperial arches, inclosing a crimson velvet cap, and ornamented with thousands of diamonds and precious stones. [1913 Webster]

3. The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the sovereign; -- with the definite article. [1913 Webster]

Parliament may be dissolved by the demise of the crown. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

4. Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty. [1913 Webster]

There is a power behind the crown greater than the crown itself. --Junius. [1913 Webster]

5. Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or finish. [1913 Webster]

The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness. --Prov. xvi. 31. [1913 Webster]

A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband. --Prov. xvi. 4. [1913 Webster]

6. Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection. [1913 Webster]

Mutual love, the crown of all our bliss. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

7. The topmost part of anything; the summit. [1913 Webster]

The steepy crown of the bare mountains. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

8. The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of {Bird}.); that part of the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back; also, the head or brain. [1913 Webster]

From toe to crown he'll fill our skin with pinches. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Twenty things which I set down: This done, I twenty more-had in my crown. --Bunyan. [1913 Webster]

9. The part of a hat above the brim. [1913 Webster]

10. (Anat.) The part of a tooth which projects above the gum; also, the top or grinding surface of a tooth. [1913 Webster]

11. (Arch.) The vertex or top of an arch; -- applied generally to about one third of the curve, but in a pointed arch to the apex only. [1913 Webster]

12. (Bot.) Same as {Corona}. [1913 Webster]

13. (Naut.) (a) That part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank. (b) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line. (c) pl. The bights formed by the several turns of a cable. --Totten. [1913 Webster]

14. The upper range of facets in a rose diamond. [1913 Webster]

15. The dome of a furnace. [1913 Webster]

16. (Geom.) The area inclosed between two concentric perimeters. [1913 Webster]

17. (Eccl.) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure. [1913 Webster]

18. A size of writing paper. See under {Paper}. [1913 Webster]

19. A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence,a denomination of money; as, the English crown, a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than $1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown, a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents. [1913 Webster]

20. An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is stamped with a crown. [1913 Webster]

{Crown of aberration} (Astron.), a spurious circle around the true circle of the sun.

{Crown antler} (Zo["o]l.), the topmost branch or tine of an antler; also, an antler having a cuplike top, with tines springing from the rim.

{Crown bar}, one of the bars which support the crown sheet of steam-boiler furnace.

{Crown glass}. See under {Glass}.

{Crown imperial}. (Bot.) See in the Vocabulary.

{Crown jewels}, the jewels appertaining to the sovereign while wearing the crown. [Eng.] ``She pawned and set to sale the crown jewels.'' --Milton.

{Crown land}, land belonging to the crown, that is, to the sovereign.

{Crown law}, the law which governs criminal prosecutions. [Eng.]

{Crown lawyer}, one employed by the crown, as in criminal cases. [Eng.]

{Crown octavo}. See under {Paper}.

{Crown office}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Crown paper}. See under {Paper}.

{Crown piece}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Crown Prince}, the heir apparent to a crown or throne.

{Crown saw}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Crown scab} (Far.), a cancerous sore formed round the corners of a horse's hoof.

{Crown sheet}, the flat plate which forms the top of the furnace or fire box of an internally fired steam boiler.

{Crown shell}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Acorn-shell}.

{Crown side}. See {Crown office}.

{Crown tax} (Eccl. Hist.), a golden crown, or its value, which was required annually from the Jews by the king of Syria, in the time of the Maccabees. --1 Macc. x. 20.

{Crown wheel}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Crown work}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Pleas of the crown} (Engl. law), criminal actions. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pleas of the crown — Etymology: translation of Medieval Latin placita coronae 1. a. Eng & Scots law : the pleas or actions of which the crown formerly claimed exclusive jurisdiction as affecting the king s peace b. Scots law : the judicial proceedings involving… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pleas of the crown — Plea Plea, n. [OE. plee, plai, plait, fr. OF. plait, plaid, plet, LL. placitum judgment, decision, assembly, court, fr. L. placitum that which is pleasing, an opinion, sentiment, from placere to please. See {Please}, and cf. {Placit}, {Plead}.] 1 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pleas of the Crown — ♦ The more serious crimes, breaches of the king s peace, and specially designated offences such as concealment of treasure trove, jurisdiction over which could be exercised by no one except officers of the Crown. (Warren, W.L. Henry II, 635) …   Medieval glossary

  • Pleas of the Crown — The crown reserved certain grave crimes to its own jurisdiction, e.g. the harbouring of outlaws, ambush, forcible entry into a house. This ensured that local pressure or influence would not play a part in judgement …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • pleas of the crown — Criminal cases, so called in England, because the majesty of the whole community centers in the king, who by law is supposed to be the person injured by every infraction of the public rights. See 4 Bl Comm 2 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Institutes of the Lawes of England — The Institutes of the Lawes of England are a series of legal treatises written by Sir Edward Coke. They were first published, in stages, between 1628 and 1644.[1] They are widely recognized as a foundational document of the common law. They have… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament to 1601 — This is a list of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament during that body s existence prior to the Act of Union of 1707. For legislation passed after 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament.The numbers after the …   Wikipedia

  • Marshal of the King's house — Marshal Mar shal, n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar[ e]chal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar[ e]chal signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marshal of the Queen's Bench — Marshal Mar shal, n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar[ e]chal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar[ e]chal signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament, 1840-1859 — This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the years 1840 1859. For acts passed prior to 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament and List of Acts of Parliament of the Scottish… …   Wikipedia

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