Plant Plant, n. [AS. plante, L. planta.] 1. A vegetable; an organized living being, generally without feeling and voluntary motion, and having, when complete, a root, stem, and leaves, though consisting sometimes only of a single leafy expansion, or a series of cellules, or even a single cellule. [1913 Webster]

Note: Plants are divided by their structure and methods of reproduction into two series, ph[ae]nogamous or flowering plants, which have true flowers and seeds, and cryptogamous or flowerless plants, which have no flowers, and reproduce by minute one-celled spores. In both series are minute and simple forms and others of great size and complexity. [1913 Webster] As to their mode of nutrition, plants may be considered as self-supporting and dependent. Self-supporting plants always contain chlorophyll, and subsist on air and moisture and the matter dissolved in moisture, and as a general rule they excrete oxygen, and use the carbonic acid to combine with water and form the material for their tissues. Dependent plants comprise all fungi and many flowering plants of a parasitic or saprophytic nature. As a rule, they have no chlorophyll, and subsist mainly or wholly on matter already organized, thus utilizing carbon compounds already existing, and not excreting oxygen. But there are plants which are partly dependent and partly self-supporting. [1913 Webster] The movements of climbing plants, of some insectivorous plants, of leaves, stamens, or pistils in certain plants, and the ciliary motion of zo["o]spores, etc., may be considered a kind of voluntary motion. [1913 Webster]

2. A bush, or young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff. ``A plant of stubborn oak.'' --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. The sole of the foot. [R.] ``Knotty legs and plants of clay.'' --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

4. (Com.) The whole machinery and apparatus employed in carrying on a trade or mechanical business; also, sometimes including real estate, and whatever represents investment of capital in the means of carrying on a business, but not including material worked upon or finished products; as, the plant of a foundry, a mill, or a railroad. [1913 Webster]

5. A plan; an artifice; a swindle; a trick. [Slang] [1913 Webster]

It was n't a bad plant, that of mine, on Fikey. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

6. (Zo["o]l.) (a) An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth. (b) A young oyster suitable for transplanting. [Local, U.S.] [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster]

{Plant bug} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous hemipterous insects which injure the foliage of plants, as {Lygus lineolaris}, which damages wheat and trees.

{Plant cutter} (Zo["o]l.), a South American passerine bird of the genus {Phytotoma}, family {Phytotomid[ae]}. It has a serrated bill with which it cuts off the young shoots and buds of plants, often doing much injury.

{Plant louse} (Zo["o]l.), any small hemipterous insect which infests plants, especially those of the families {Aphid[ae]} and {Psyllid[ae]}; an aphid. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • plant — [ plɑ̃ ] n. m. • XIVe « action de planter »; de planter 1 ♦ Techn. Ensemble de végétaux de même espèce plantés dans un même terrain; le terrain ainsi planté. ⇒ pépinière, planche, plantation. Un plant d arbres, de rosiers. Acheter des plants chez …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plant — Plant, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Planted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Planting}.] [AS. plantian, L. plantare. See {Plant}, n.] 1. To put in the ground and cover, as seed for growth; as, to plant maize. [1913 Webster] 2. To set in the ground for growth, as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plant — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: David Plant (1783–1851), US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt, Richter und Politiker Henry Bradley Plant (1819–1899), amerikanischer Eisenbahnmagnat Jane A. Plant (* 1945), britische Geochemikerin und Autorin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • plant — Plant. s. m. Le sçion qu on tire d un arbre pour planter. Je voudrois bien avoir du plant de cet arbre là. plant de vigne. eslever du plant. En parlant de vigne, on appelle, Jeune plant, nouveau plant, Les vignes nouvellement plantées …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • plant — ► NOUN 1) a living organism (such as a tree, grass, or fern) that absorbs water and inorganic substances through its roots and makes nutrients in its leaves by photosynthesis. 2) a place where an industrial or manufacturing process takes place.… …   English terms dictionary

  • plant — [n1] organism belonging to the vegetable kingdom annual, biennial, bush, creeper*, cutting*, flower, grass, greenery, herb, perennial, seedling, shoot, shrub, slip, sprout, tree, vine, weed; concept 429 Ant. animal plant [n2] factory and its… …   New thesaurus

  • plant — Plant, m. Est un dessein en assiete sur rez de chaussée d un bastiment qu on veut eslever, Ichnographia, Ainsi Plant aussi se prend pour le fondement d un bastiment soit de pierre soit de bois, comme le plant et assiete du bauffroy est de telle… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • plant — [plant, plänt] n. [ME plante < OE < L planta, sprout, twig, prob. back form. < plantare, to smooth the soil for planting < planta, sole of the foot < IE * plat , var. of base * pla , broad, flat > PLAIN1] 1. any of a kingdom… …   English World dictionary

  • Plant — Plant, v. i. To perform the act of planting. [1913 Webster] I have planted; Apollos watered. 1 Cor. iii. 6. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plant — m. plant; bouture; cru …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

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