Plane of refraction
Plane Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a like surface is a straight line; a surface without curvature. [1913 Webster]

2. (Astron.) An ideal surface, conceived as coinciding with, or containing, some designated astronomical line, circle, or other curve; as, the plane of an orbit; the plane of the ecliptic, or of the equator. [1913 Webster]

3. (Mech.) A block or plate having a perfectly flat surface, used as a standard of flatness; a surface plate. [1913 Webster]

4. (Joinery) A tool for smoothing boards or other surfaces of wood, for forming moldings, etc. It consists of a smooth-soled stock, usually of wood, from the under side or face of which projects slightly the steel cutting edge of a chisel, called the iron, which inclines backward, with an apperture in front for the escape of shavings; as, the jack plane; the smoothing plane; the molding plane, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Objective plane} (Surv.), the horizontal plane upon which the object which is to be delineated, or whose place is to be determined, is supposed to stand.

{Perspective plane}. See {Perspective}.

{Plane at infinity} (Geom.), a plane in which points infinitely distant are conceived as situated.

{Plane iron}, the cutting chisel of a joiner's plane.

{Plane of polarization}. (Opt.) See {Polarization}.

{Plane of projection}. (a) The plane on which the projection is made, corresponding to the perspective plane in perspective; -- called also principal plane. (b) (Descriptive Geom.) One of the planes to which points are referred for the purpose of determining their relative position in space.

{Plane of refraction} or {Plane of reflection} (Opt.), the plane in which lie both the incident ray and the refracted or reflected ray. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plane of polarization — Plane Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane of projection — Plane Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane of reflection — Plane Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • law of refraction — a law in physics: in the refraction of radiation at the interface between two isotropic media the incident ray and the corresponding refracted ray are coplanar with the refracting surface at the point of incidence and the ratio of the sine of the …   Useful english dictionary

  • law of refraction — the principle that for a ray, radar pulse, or the like, that is incident on the interface of two media, the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is equal to the ratio of the velocity of the ray in the …   Universalium

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a like… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane at infinity — Plane Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane iron — Plane Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane wave — [ real part of a plane wave travelling up.] In the physics of wave propagation (especially electromagnetic waves), a plane wave (also spelled planewave) is a constant frequency wave whose wavefronts (surfaces of constant phase) are infinite… …   Wikipedia

  • refraction — Angle An gle ([a^][ng] g l), n. [F. angle, L. angulus angle, corner; akin to uncus hook, Gr. agky los bent, crooked, angular, a gkos a bend or hollow, AS. angel hook, fish hook, G. angel, and F. anchor.] 1. The inclosed space near the point where …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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