Pituitary gland
Pituitary Pi*tu"i*ta*ry, a. [L. pituita phlegm, pituite: cf. F. pituitarie.] (Anat.) (a) Secreting mucus or phlegm; as, the pituitary membrane, or the mucous membrane which lines the nasal cavities. (b) Of or pertaining to the pituitary body; as, the pituitary fossa. [1913 Webster]

{Pituitary body} or {Pituitary gland} (Anat.), a a small, somewhat cherry-shaped endocrine gland, situated in the pituitary fossa, and suspended from the base of the hypothalamus; the hypophysis; -- called also {glandula pituitaria}, and {basilaris}. It secretes th pituitary hormones: oxytocin; vasopresin; antidiuretic hormone; luteinizing hormone; somatotropins; prolactin; thyroid stimulating hormone; gonadotropins; adrenal corticotropin and other peptide hormones. It affects all hormonal functions, and is thus called the ``master gland''.

{Pituitary fossa} (Anat.), the ephippium. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pituitary gland — (also pituitary body) ► NOUN ▪ a pea sized gland attached to the base of the brain, important in controlling growth and development. ORIGIN Latin pituitarius secreting phlegm …   English terms dictionary

  • pituitary gland — or pituitary body n. a small, oval endocrine gland attached by a stalk to the base of the brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe: it secretes hormones influencing body growth, metabolism, the activity of other endocrine glands,… …   English World dictionary

  • Pituitary gland — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = hypophysis, glandula pituitaria GraySubject = 275 GrayPage = 1275 Caption = Located at the base of the brain, the pituitary gland is protected by a bony structure called the sella turcica(also known as… …   Wikipedia

  • pituitary gland — Anat. a small, somewhat cherry shaped double structure attached by a stalk to the base of the brain and constituting the master endocrine gland affecting all hormonal functions in the body, consisting of an anterior region (anterior pituitary or… …   Universalium

  • Pituitary gland — The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions including growth. The pituitary consists of the anterior and posterior… …   Medical dictionary

  • pituitary gland — noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain (Freq. 2) • Syn: ↑pituitary, ↑pituitary body, ↑hypophysis • Derivationally related forms: ↑hypophysial (for: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • pituitary gland — UK [pɪˈtjuːɪt(ə)rɪ ˌɡlænd] / US [pɪˈtjuəterɪ ˌɡlænd] noun [countable] Word forms pituitary gland : singular pituitary gland plural pituitary glands medical the small organ at the base of your brain that produces the substances your body needs to… …   English dictionary

  • pituitary gland — [[t]pɪtju͟ːɪtri glæ̱nd, AM tu͟ːɪteri [/t]] pituitary glands N COUNT: usu sing The pituitary gland or the pituitary is a gland that is attached to the base of the brain. It produces hormones which affect growth, sexual development, and other… …   English dictionary

  • pituitary gland — pi|tu|i|tar|y gland [ pı tjuəteri ,glænd ] noun count the small organ at the base of your brain that produces the substances your body needs to control its growth and development. The pituitary gland is often simply called the pituitary …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • pituitary gland — pitu′itary gland n. anat. a small, somewhat cherry shaped double lobed structure attached to the base of the brain, constituting the master endocrine gland affecting all hormonal functions of the body Compare anterior pituitary posterior… …   From formal English to slang

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