Pithecanthropus Pith`e*can*thro"pus (p[i^]th`[-e]*k[a^]n*thr[=o]"p[u^]s), prop. n. [NL.; Gr. pi`qhkos ape + 'a`nqrwpos man.] 1. A hypothetical genus of primates intermediate between man and the anthropoid apes. --Haeckel. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. A genus consisting of an extinct primate ({Pithecanthropus erectus}) apparently intermediate between man and the existing anthropoid apes, known from bones first found in Java (hence called {Java man}) in 1891-92, and other bones found later. The species was renamed {Homo erectus} around 1960. The Javan bones are believed to be from 1.6 to 1.9 million years old, and include a thigh bone of the human type, two molar teeth intermediate between those of man and the anthropoids, and the calvaria of the skull, indicating a brain capacity of about 900 cubic centimeters, and resembling in form that of the Neanderthal man. Additional specimens of what are considerd as variants of the species have been found in China, Africa, and Europe. {Homo erectus} is currently believed to have evolved in Africa from {Homo habilis}, the first member of the genus {Homo}. Anatomically and physiologically, {Homo erectus} resembles contemporary humans except for having a stouter bone structure. Also [pl. {-thropi}], an animal of this genus. -- {Pith`e*can"thrope}, n. -- {Pith`e*can"thro*poid}, a. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pithecanthropus — Haeck. (Affenmensch), eine hypothetische Übergangsform von den Anthropoiden (Menschenaffen) zu dem wahren Menschen, die aus den Anthropoiden durch vollständige Angewöhnung an den aufrechten Gang und die dementsprechend stärkere Differenzierung… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pithecanthropus — Pithecanthropus, s. Anthropopithecus erectus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pithecanthropus — ⇒ Anthropogenese …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • pithecanthropus — (n.) genus of extinct primates, 1895, from Modern Latin, lit. monkey man, from Gk. pithekos ape + anthropos man (see ANTHROPO (Cf. anthropo )). Coined 1868 by Haeckel as a name for a hypothetical link between apes and men (attested in English in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pithecanthropus — Die Funde von Eugène Dubois: Schädeldach, Molar und Femur Als Java Mensch werden Fossilien bezeichnet, die erstmals am Ufer des Solo Flusses (auch: Bengawan Solo) bei Trinil in Ost Java entdeckt wurden und der Gattung Homo zug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pithecanthropus — noun former genus of primitive apelike men now Homo erectus • Syn: ↑Pithecanthropus erectus, ↑genus Pithecanthropus • Hypernyms: ↑hominid …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pithecanthropus —   n. one of former genus of ape like men, now included in Homo.    ♦ Pithecanthropus    ♦ erectus, such creature whose remains were discovered in Java: now called Java man …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • Pithecanthropus — /pith i kan threuh peuhs, keuhn throh peuhs/, n. a former genus of extinct hominids whose members have now been assigned to the proposed species Homo erectus. [ < NL (1891) < Gk píthek(os) ape + ánthropos man] * * *       former genus name… …   Universalium

  • Pithecanthropus — Pithecạnthropus   [zu griechisch píthekos »Affe« und ánthrōpos »Mensch«] der, /...pi, Anthropologie: Homo erectus.   * * * Pi|the|cạn|thro|pus (Fachspr.): ↑Pithekanthropus …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pithecanthropus — pith·e·can·thro·pus || ‚pɪθɪkæn θrəʊpÉ™s n. prehistoric man, early man from the species Homo erectus …   English contemporary dictionary

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