Pistacia Terebinthus
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pistacia Terebinthus — Pistacia Pis*ta ci*a, n. [NL. See {Pistachio}.] (Bot.) The name of a genus of trees, including the tree which bears the pistachio ({Pistacia vera}), the Mediterranean mastic tree ({Pistacia Lentiscus}), and the species ({Pistacia Terebinthus})… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pistacia terebinthus —   Pistacia Terebinthus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pistacia terebinthus — Pistachier térébinthe Pistacia terebinthus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pistacia Terebinthus — Turpentine Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pistacia terebinthus — terpentininė pistacija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anakardinių šeimos dažinis, maistinis, vaisinis augalas (Pistacia terebinthus), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, pietų ir vakarų Azijoje. Iš jo gaunama derva. atitikmenys: lot. Pistacia… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Pistacia Terebinthus — Chian Chi ana. [L. chius, fr. Chios the island Chios, Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to Chios, an island in the [AE]gean Sea. [1913 Webster] {Chian earth}, a dense, compact kind of earth, from Chios, used anciently as an astringent and a cosmetic.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pistacia terebinthus — ID 64266 Symbol Key PITE10 Common Name Cyprus turpentine Family Anacardiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pistacia terebinthus — noun a Mediterranean tree yielding Chian turpentine • Syn: ↑terebinth • Hypernyms: ↑angiospermous tree, ↑flowering tree • Member Holonyms: ↑Pistacia, ↑genus Pistacia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pistacia terebinthus L. — Symbol PITE10 Common Name Cyprus turpentine Botanical Family Anacardiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Pistacia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Pistacia Pistacia chinensis con colores otoñales …   Wikipedia Español

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