Pinus sylvestris
Vegetable Veg`e*ta*ble, a. [F. v['e]g['e]table growing, capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable, from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven, invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active, vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to E. wake, v. See {Vigil}, {Wake}, v.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable growths, juices, etc. [1913 Webster]

Blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable kingdom. [1913 Webster]

{Vegetable alkali} (Chem.), an alkaloid.

{Vegetable brimstone}. (Bot.) See {Vegetable sulphur}, below.

{Vegetable butter} (Bot.), a name of several kinds of concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian butter tree, the African shea tree, and the {Pentadesma butyracea}, a tree of the order {Guttifer[ae]}, also African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of cocoa ({Theobroma}).

{Vegetable flannel}, a textile material, manufactured in Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained from the leaves of the {Pinus sylvestris}.

{Vegetable ivory}. See {Ivory nut}, under {Ivory}.

{Vegetable jelly}. See {Pectin}.

{Vegetable kingdom}. (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below.

{Vegetable leather}. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge ({Euphorbia punicea}), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts. (b) See {Vegetable leather}, under {Leather}.

{Vegetable marrow} (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of the American pumpkin.

{Vegetable oyster} (Bot.), the oyster plant. See under {Oyster}.

{Vegetable parchment}, papyrine.

{Vegetable sheep} (Bot.), a white woolly plant ({Raoulia eximia}) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large fleecy cushions on the mountains.

{Vegetable silk}, a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree ({Chorisia speciosa}). It us used for various purposes, as for stuffing, and the like, but is incapable of being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the fibers.

{Vegetable sponge}. See 1st {Loof}.

{Vegetable sulphur}, the fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss ({Lycopodium clavatum}); witch.

{Vegetable tallow}, a substance resembling tallow, obtained from various plants; as, {Chinese vegetable tallow}, obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. {Indian vegetable tallow} is a name sometimes given to piney tallow.

{Vegetable wax}, a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry. [1913 Webster]

{Vegetable kingdom} (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of living things which includes all plants. The classes of the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by various botanists. The following is one of the best of the many arrangements of the principal subdivisions. [1913 Webster] I. {Ph[ae]nogamia} (called also {Phanerogamia}). Plants having distinct flowers and true seeds. [ 1. {Dicotyledons} (called also {Exogens}). -- Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith, woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided into two subclasses: {Angiosperms}, having the woody fiber interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seed contained in a true ovary; {Gymnosperms}, having few or no ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2. {Monocotyledons} (called also {Endogens}). -- Seeds with single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.] [1913 Webster] II. {Cryptogamia}. Plants without true flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds, or by simple cell division. [ 1. {Acrogens}. -- Plants usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and sporophoric, the other sexual and o["o]phoric. Divided into {Vascular Acrogens}, or {Pteridophyta}, having the sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and {Cellular Acrogens}, or {Bryophyta}, having the sexual plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue, as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. {Thallogens}. -- Plants without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple or branched mass of cellular tissue, or educed to a single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into {Alg[ae]}, which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and which live upon air and water, and {Fungi}, which contain no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are now believed to be fungi parasitic on included alg[ae].] [1913 Webster]

Note: Many botanists divide the Ph[ae]nogamia primarily into Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes. Thallogens are variously divided by different writers, and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts are altogether uncertain. [1913 Webster] For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pinus sylvestris — Pin sylvestre Pin sylvestre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinus sylvestris — Waldkiefer Waldkiefer (Pinus sylvestris), Illustration Systematik Klasse: Pinopsida …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pinus sylvestris — paprastoji pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Pinus sylvestris), paplitęs Europoje ir Azijoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai), gaunamos dervos.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Pinus sylvestris — Pine Pine, n. [AS. p[=i]n, L. pinus.] 1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus {Pinus}. See {Pinus}. [1913 Webster] Note: There are about twenty eight species in the United States, of which the {white pine} ({Pinus Strobus}), the {Georgia pine} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pinus sylvestris — Riga fir Ri ga fir , [So called from Riga, a city in Russia.] (Bot.) A species of pine ({Pinus sylvestris}), and its wood, which affords a valuable timber; called also {Scotch pine}, and {red deal} or {yellow deal}. It grows in all parts of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pinus sylvestris — Sylvic Syl vic, a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, pine or its products; specifically, designating an acid called also abeitic acid, which is the chief ingredient of common resin (obtained from {Pinus sylvestris}, and other species).… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pinus sylvestris — ID 63952 Symbol Key PISY Common Name Scots pine Family Pinaceae Category Gymnosperm Division Coniferophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CT, DE, IA, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VT, WI… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pinus sylvestris — …   Википедия

  • Pinus sylvestris — Fastigiata Søjle skovfyr …   Danske encyklopædi

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