Pinus palustris
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinus palustris — Pin des marais ██████████ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinus palustris — Sumpf Kiefer Sumpf Kiefer (Pinus palustris), Zeichnung Systematik Klasse: Pinopsida Ordnun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pinus palustris — pelkinė pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos medieninis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Pinus palustris), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai), gaunama derva. atitikmenys: lot. Pinus… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Pinus palustris — Yellow Yel low (y[e^]l l[ o]), a. [Compar. {Yellower} (y[e^]l l[ o]*[ e]r); superl. {Yellowest}.] [OE. yelow, yelwe, [yogh]elow, [yogh]eoluw, from AS. geolu; akin to D. geel, OS. & OHG. gelo, G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Sw. gul, Dan. guul, L. helvus… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pinus palustris — ID 64054 Symbol Key PIPA2 Common Name longleaf pine Family Pinaceae Category Gymnosperm Division Coniferophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX, VA Growth Habit Tree …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pinus palustris — the longleaf or southern pine of the southern United States, a source of pine oil, rosin, turpentine, and other products …   Medical dictionary

  • Pinus palustris — Sumpfyr …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Pinus palustris — noun large three needled pine of southeastern United States having very long needles and gnarled twisted limbs; bark is red brown deeply ridged; an important timber tree • Syn: ↑longleaf pine, ↑pitch pine, ↑southern yellow pine, ↑Georgia pine •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pinus palustris Mill. — Symbol PIPA2 Common Name longleaf pine Botanical Family Pinaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Pinus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Pino» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Pino (desambiguación). ? Pinos Pinus …   Wikipedia Español

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