Pinus Mugho
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinus Cembra — Turpentine Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pinus palustris — Turpentine Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mugho pine — [myo͞o′gō] n. [prob. via Fr mugho, mugho pine < It mugo] a Swiss mountain pine (Pinus mugo), esp. a shrubby spreading form often used as an ornamental …   English World dictionary

  • Pinus mugo — Pinus mugo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mugho pine — kalninė pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Pinus mugo), paplitęs pietų ir vidurio Europoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai), gaunamos dervos. atitikmenys: lot.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • mugho pine — noun low shrubby pine of central Europe with short bright green needles in bunches of two • Syn: ↑Swiss mountain pine, ↑mountain pine, ↑dwarf mountain pine, ↑mugo pine, ↑Pinus mugo • Hypernyms: ↑pine, ↑pine tree, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • mugho pine — noun Etymology: probably from French mugho mugho pine, from Italian mugo Date: circa 1756 a shrubby spreading European pine (Pinus mugo) widely cultivated as an ornamental called also mugo pine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Pinus montana — kalninė pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Pinus mugo), paplitęs pietų ir vidurio Europoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai), gaunamos dervos. atitikmenys: lot.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Pinus mugo — kalninė pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Pinus mugo), paplitęs pietų ir vidurio Europoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai), gaunamos dervos. atitikmenys: lot.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • mugho pine — /myooh goh, mooh / a prostrate, shrubby pine, Pinus mugo mugo, native to Europe, cultivated as an ornamental. Also called mugo pine. [1750 60; < F mugho < It mugo, of dial. orig. (Trentino, Valtellina); further etym. uncert.] * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”