Pinus Cembra
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pinus cembra — kedrinė pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos maistinis, medieninis augalas (Pinus cembra), paplitęs vidurio Europoje. Jo sėklos valgomos. atitikmenys: lot. Pinus cembra angl. arolla pine; arolla pinetree; Arolla pine;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Pinus Cembra — Arolla A*rol la ([.a]*r[o^]l l[.a]), n. [F. arolle.] (Bot.) The stone pine ({Pinus Cembra}). [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pinus cembra — noun large five needled European pine; yields cembra nuts and a resinous exudate • Syn: ↑Swiss pine, ↑Swiss stone pine, ↑arolla pine, ↑cembra nut tree • Hypernyms: ↑pine, ↑pine tree, ↑true pine …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pinus cembra — ID 63973 Symbol Key PICE2 Common Name Swiss stone pine Family Pinaceae Category Gymnosperm Division Coniferophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pinus cembra — Cembrafyr …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Pinus cembra L. — Symbol PICE2 Common Name Swiss stone pine Botanical Family Pinaceae …   Scientific plant list

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