Pigeon pea

Pigeon pea
Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum}, of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a papilionaceous flower, and the pericarp is a legume, popularly called a pod. [1913 Webster]

Note: When a definite number, more than one, is spoken of, the plural form peas is used; as, the pod contained nine peas; but, in a collective sense, the form pease is preferred; as, a bushel of pease; they had pease at dinner. This distinction is not always preserved, the form peas being used in both senses. [1913 Webster]

2. A name given, especially in the Southern States, to the seed of several leguminous plants (species of {Dolichos}, {Cicer}, {Abrus}, etc.) esp. those having a scar (hilum) of a different color from the rest of the seed. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name pea is given to many leguminous plants more or less closely related to the common pea. See the Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

{Beach pea} (Bot.), a seashore plant, {Lathyrus maritimus}.

{Black-eyed pea}, a West Indian name for {Dolichos sph[ae]rospermus} and its seed.

{Butterfly pea}, the American plant {Clitoria Mariana}, having showy blossoms.

{Chick pea}. See {Chick-pea}.

{Egyptian pea}. Same as {Chick-pea}.

{Everlasting pea}. See under {Everlasting}.

{Glory pea}. See under {Glory}, n.

{Hoary pea}, any plant of the genus {Tephrosia}; goat's rue.

{Issue pea}, {Orris pea}. (Med.) See under {Issue}, and {Orris}.

{Milk pea}. (Bot.) See under {Milk}.

{Pea berry}, a kind of a coffee bean or grain which grows single, and is round or pea-shaped; often used adjectively; as, pea-berry coffee.

{Pea bug}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Pea weevil}.

{Pea coal}, a size of coal smaller than nut coal.

{Pea crab} (Zo["o]l.), any small crab of the genus {Pinnotheres}, living as a commensal in bivalves; esp., the European species ({Pinnotheres pisum}) which lives in the common mussel and the cockle.

{Pea dove} (Zo["o]l.), the American ground dove.

{Pea-flower tribe} (Bot.), a suborder ({Papilionace[ae]}) of leguminous plants having blossoms essentially like that of the pea. --G. Bentham.

{Pea maggot} (Zo["o]l.), the larva of a European moth ({Tortrix pisi}), which is very destructive to peas.

{Pea ore} (Min.), argillaceous oxide of iron, occurring in round grains of a size of a pea; pisolitic ore.

{Pea starch}, the starch or flour of the common pea, which is sometimes used in adulterating wheat flour, pepper, etc.

{Pea tree} (Bot.), the name of several leguminous shrubs of the genus {Caragana}, natives of Siberia and China.

{Pea vine}. (Bot.) (a) Any plant which bears peas. (b) A kind of vetch or tare, common in the United States ({Lathyrus Americana}, and other similar species).

{Pea weevil} (Zo["o]l.), a small weevil ({Bruchus pisi}) which destroys peas by eating out the interior.

{Pigeon pea}. (Bot.) See {Pigeon pea}.

{Sweet pea} (Bot.), the annual plant {Lathyrus odoratus}; also, its many-colored, sweet-scented blossoms. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pigeon pea — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angi …   Wikipedia

  • Pigeon pea — Pigeon Pi geon, n. [F., fr. L. pipio a young pipping or chirping bird, fr. pipire to peep, chirp. Cf. {Peep} to chirp.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any bird of the order Columb[ae], of which numerous species occur in nearly all parts of the world. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pigeon pea — n. 1. a tropical plant (Cajanus cajan) of the pea family, with yellow flowers, widely grown for its edible seed 2. its seed …   English World dictionary

  • pigeon pea — noun 1. tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics • Syn: ↑pigeon pea plant, ↑cajan pea, ↑catjang pea, ↑red gram, ↑dhal, ↑dahl, ↑Cajanus cajan …   Useful english dictionary

  • pigeon pea — Angola pea An*go la pea (Bot.) A tropical plant ({Cajanus indicus}) and its edible seed, a kind of pulse; so called from Angola in Western Africa. Called also {pigeon pea} and {Congo pea}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pigeon-pea — tikrasis kajanas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos daržovinis, maistinis, medieninis, pašarinis, vaistinis augalas (Cajanus cajan), paplitęs Indijoje, kitur – auginamas. Naudojamas kurui gaminti. atitikmenys: lot. Cajanus… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • pigeon pea — noun 1》 a dark red tropical pea like seed. 2》 the woody plant which yields pigeon peas, with pods and foliage that are used as fodder. [Cajanus cajan.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • pigeon pea — noun a) A tropical African plant , having edible seeds. b) The edible seed of this plant; dahl Syn: red gram, toovar, toor, togari, gandul, Congo pea, Gungo pea …   Wiktionary

  • pigeon pea — pi′geon pea n. 1) pln a tropical shrub, Cajanus cajan, of the legume family, with showy yellow flowers 2) pln its brown, edible seed …   From formal English to slang

  • pigeon pea — noun Date: 1725 a leguminous shrubby herb (Cajanus cajan) with trifoliate leaves, yellow flowers, and flattened pods that is much cultivated especially in the tropics; also its small highly nutritious seed …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”