Philology Phi*lol"o*gy, n. [L. philologia love of learning, interpretation, philology, Gr. ?: cf. F. philologie. See {Philologer}.] 1. Criticism; grammatical learning. [R.] --Johnson. [1913 Webster]

2. The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science. [1913 Webster]

Note: Philology comprehends a knowledge of the etymology, or origin and combination of words; grammar, the construction of sentences, or use of words in language; criticism, the interpretation of authors, the affinities of different languages, and whatever relates to the history or present state of languages. It sometimes includes rhetoric, poetry, history, and antiquities. [1913 Webster]

3. A treatise on the science of language. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


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  • philology — [fi läl′ə jē] n. [Fr philologie < L philologia, love of learning < Gr, love of literature < philein, to love + logos, word: see LOGIC] 1. Obs. the love of learning and literature; study; scholarship 2. former term for LINGUISTICS 3. the… …   English World dictionary

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  • philology — noun Etymology: French philologie, from Latin philologia love of learning and literature, from Greek, from philologos fond of learning and literature, from phil + logos word, speech more at legend Date: 1612 1. the study of literature and of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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