Phenol
Phenol Phe"nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + -ol: cf. F. ph['e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar. [1913 Webster]

Note: It has a peculiar odor, somewhat resembling creosote, which is a complex mixture of phenol derivatives. It is of the type of alcohols, and is called also {phenyl alcohol}, but has acid properties, and hence is popularly called {carbolic acid}, and was formerly called {phenic acid}. It is a powerful caustic poison, and in dilute solution has been used as an antiseptic. [1913 Webster]

2. Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

{Glacial phenol} (Chem.), pure crystallized phenol or carbolic acid.

{Phenol acid} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds which are at once derivatives of both phenol and some member of the fatty acid series; thus, salicylic acid is a phenol acid.

{Phenol alcohol} (Chem.), any one of series of derivatives of phenol and carbinol which have the properties of both combined; thus, saligenin is a phenol alcohol.

{Phenol aldehyde} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds having both phenol and aldehyde properties.

{Phenol phthalein}. See under {Phthalein}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • phénol — [ fenɔl ] n. m. • 1843; de phén(o) et ol ♦ Corps composé (C6H5OH), solide cristallisé blanc, soluble dans l eau, corrosif et toxique, à odeur caractéristique, qu on obtient par distillation du goudron de houille ou par synthèse à partir du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Phenol — Phénol Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Phénol peut correspondre à : Les phénols : molécules aromatiques portant une fonction hydroxyle directement liée à un carbone du cycle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • phenol — [fē′nōl΄, fē′nôl΄, fē′näl΄] n. [ PHEN + OL1] 1. a white crystalline compound, C6H5OH, produced from coal tar or by the hydrolysis of chlorobenzene, and used in making explosives, synthetic resins, etc.: it is a strong, corrosive poison with a… …   English World dictionary

  • Phenol — Phenol, so v.w. Phenylsäure …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Phenōl — (Monoxybenzol, Benzophenol, Phenylalkohol, Phenylsäure, Karbolsäure, Steinkohlenkreosot) C6H6O oder C6H5.OH findet sich in sehr geringer Menge im Harn und Kot des Menschen und der Grasfresser, auch im Bibergeil, entsteht bei zahlreichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Phenol — Phenōl, das als Karbolsäure (s.d.) bekannte Monoxybenzol (s. Phenole), liefert mit Salpetersäure Nitrophenole, die sich zu Amidophenolen reduzieren lassen; mit starker Salpetersäure entsteht Pikrinsäure, mit Bromwasser ein weißer Niederschlag von …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • phenol — carbolic acid, 1845, from pheno , comb. form of PHENE (Cf. phene), + OL (Cf. ol). Discovered in coal tar in 1834; used as an antiseptic from 1867. Related: Phenolic …   Etymology dictionary

  • phenol — ► NOUN Chemistry 1) a toxic white crystalline solid obtained from coal tar. Also called CARBOLIC ACID(Cf. ↑carbolic acid). 2) any compound with a hydroxyl group linked directly to a benzene ring. DERIVATIVES phenolic adjective. ORIGIN from French …   English terms dictionary

  • Phenol — This article is about the molecule. For the class of chemicals containing a phenol group, see Phenols. Phenol …   Wikipedia

  • phenol — phenolic /fi noh lik, nol ik/, adj. /fee nawl, nol/, n. Chem. 1. Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water soluble, poisonous mass, C6H5OH, obtained from coal tar, or a hydroxyl derivative… …   Universalium

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