phenic acid
Phenol Phe"nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + -ol: cf. F. ph['e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar. [1913 Webster]

Note: It has a peculiar odor, somewhat resembling creosote, which is a complex mixture of phenol derivatives. It is of the type of alcohols, and is called also {phenyl alcohol}, but has acid properties, and hence is popularly called {carbolic acid}, and was formerly called {phenic acid}. It is a powerful caustic poison, and in dilute solution has been used as an antiseptic. [1913 Webster]

2. Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

{Glacial phenol} (Chem.), pure crystallized phenol or carbolic acid.

{Phenol acid} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds which are at once derivatives of both phenol and some member of the fatty acid series; thus, salicylic acid is a phenol acid.

{Phenol alcohol} (Chem.), any one of series of derivatives of phenol and carbinol which have the properties of both combined; thus, saligenin is a phenol alcohol.

{Phenol aldehyde} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds having both phenol and aldehyde properties.

{Phenol phthalein}. See under {Phthalein}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phenic acid — Phenic Phe nic, a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, phenyl or phenol. [1913 Webster] {Phenic acid} (Chem.), a phenol. [Obsoles.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • phenic acid — ˈfēnik, ˈfenik noun Etymology: French acide phénique, from phénphen + ique ic : phenol not used systematically …   Useful english dictionary

  • Phenic — Phe nic, a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, phenyl or phenol. [1913 Webster] {Phenic acid} (Chem.), a phenol. [Obsoles.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbolic acid — Phenol Phe nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + ol: cf. F. ph[ e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phenol acid — Phenol Phe nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + ol: cf. F. ph[ e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carbolic acid — Car*bol ic ac id (k[aum]r*b[o^]l [i^]k [a^]s [i^]d), n. [L. carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chem.) same as {phenol[1]}, ({C6H5.OH}). See {phenol[1]}. Syn: phenol[1], hydroxybenzene, phenyl hydroxide, phenic acid. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phenol — This article is about the molecule. For the class of chemicals containing a phenol group, see Phenols. Phenol …   Wikipedia

  • C6H5OH — Phenol Phe nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + ol: cf. F. ph[ e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Glacial phenol — Phenol Phe nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + ol: cf. F. ph[ e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phenol — Phe nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + ol: cf. F. ph[ e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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