petroleum spirit
Benzine Ben"zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; -- called also {petroleum spirit}, {petroleum benzine}. Varieties or similar products are gasoline, naphtha, rhigolene, ligroin, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. Same as {Benzene}. [R.] [1913 Webster]

Note: The hydrocarbons of benzine proper are essentially of the marsh gas (paraffin) series, while benzene proper is the typical hydrocarbon of the aromatic series. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Petroleum spirit — Petroleum Pe*tro le*um, n. [NL., fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p[ e]trole. Cf. {Petrify}, and {Oil}.] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • petroleum spirit — vaitspiritas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Naftos distiliacijos produktas, verdantis 130–220 °C temperatūroje. atitikmenys: angl. mineral spirit; petroleum spirit; white spirit rus. лаковый бензин; уайт спирит …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • petroleum spirit — ligroinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Naftos frakcija, verdanti 120–240 °C temperatūroje. atitikmenys: angl. ligroin; ligroine; petroleum spirit rus. лигроин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • petroleum spirit — noun petroleum ether …   Wiktionary

  • petroleum spirit — noun : a flammable petroleum distillate that boils lower than kerosine and is suitable for use as a solvent and thinner especially for paints and varnishes usually used in plural; compare naphtha 3 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Petroleum — Pe*tro le*um, n. [NL., fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p[ e]trole. Cf. {Petrify}, and {Oil}.] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spirit — 1. noun /ˈspɪɹɪt,ˈspiɹɪt,ˈspɪɹɪt/ a) The undying essence of a human. The soul. School spirit is at an all time high. b) A supernatural being, often but not exclusively without physical form; ghost, fairy, angel …   Wiktionary

  • petroleum benzine — Benzine Ben zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; called also {petroleum spirit},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • petroleum ether — noun A volatile petroleum fraction, usually available in a number of fractions boiling between 40°C and 140°C. Used as a solvent in the laboratory and industry. Syn: ligroin, petroleum spirit, petroleum spirits …   Wiktionary

  • spirit — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French or Latin; Anglo French, espirit, spirit, from Latin spiritus, literally, breath, from spirare to blow, breathe Date: 13th century 1. an animating or vital principle held to give life to… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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