Petroleum spirit
Petroleum Pe*tro"le*um, n. [NL., fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p['e]trole. Cf. {Petrify}, and {Oil}.] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the earth, from whence it is pumped, or forced by pressure of the gas attending it. It consists of a complex mixture of various hydrocarbons, largely of the methane series, but may vary much in appearance, composition, and properties. It is refined by distillation, and the products include kerosene, benzine, gasoline, paraffin, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Petroleum spirit}, a volatile liquid obtained in the distillation of crude petroleum at a temperature of 170[deg] Fahr., or below. The term is rather loosely applied to a considerable range of products, including benzine and ligroin. The terms petroleum ether, and naphtha, are sometimes applied to the still more volatile products, including rhigolene, gasoline, cymogene, etc. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • petroleum spirit — Benzine Ben zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; called also {petroleum spirit},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • petroleum spirit — vaitspiritas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Naftos distiliacijos produktas, verdantis 130–220 °C temperatūroje. atitikmenys: angl. mineral spirit; petroleum spirit; white spirit rus. лаковый бензин; уайт спирит …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • petroleum spirit — ligroinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Naftos frakcija, verdanti 120–240 °C temperatūroje. atitikmenys: angl. ligroin; ligroine; petroleum spirit rus. лигроин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • petroleum spirit — noun petroleum ether …   Wiktionary

  • petroleum spirit — noun : a flammable petroleum distillate that boils lower than kerosine and is suitable for use as a solvent and thinner especially for paints and varnishes usually used in plural; compare naphtha 3 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Petroleum — Pe*tro le*um, n. [NL., fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p[ e]trole. Cf. {Petrify}, and {Oil}.] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spirit — 1. noun /ˈspɪɹɪt,ˈspiɹɪt,ˈspɪɹɪt/ a) The undying essence of a human. The soul. School spirit is at an all time high. b) A supernatural being, often but not exclusively without physical form; ghost, fairy, angel …   Wiktionary

  • petroleum benzine — Benzine Ben zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; called also {petroleum spirit},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • petroleum ether — noun A volatile petroleum fraction, usually available in a number of fractions boiling between 40°C and 140°C. Used as a solvent in the laboratory and industry. Syn: ligroin, petroleum spirit, petroleum spirits …   Wiktionary

  • spirit — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French or Latin; Anglo French, espirit, spirit, from Latin spiritus, literally, breath, from spirare to blow, breathe Date: 13th century 1. an animating or vital principle held to give life to… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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