petroleum benzine
Benzine Ben"zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; -- called also {petroleum spirit}, {petroleum benzine}. Varieties or similar products are gasoline, naphtha, rhigolene, ligroin, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. Same as {Benzene}. [R.] [1913 Webster]

Note: The hydrocarbons of benzine proper are essentially of the marsh gas (paraffin) series, while benzene proper is the typical hydrocarbon of the aromatic series. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzine — Ben zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; called also {petroleum spirit}, {petroleum… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • petroleum spirit — Benzine Ben zine, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) 1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; called also {petroleum spirit},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Petroleum ether — Benzine redirects here. For other uses, see Benzene (disambiguation). Petroleum ether, also known as benzine, VM P Naphtha, Petroleum Naphtha, Naphtha ASTM, Petroleum Spirits, X4 or Ligroin, is a group of various volatile, highly flammable,… …   Wikipedia

  • Petroleum — Pe*tro le*um, n. [NL., fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p[ e]trole. Cf. {Petrify}, and {Oil}.] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Petroleum spirit — Petroleum Pe*tro le*um, n. [NL., fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p[ e]trole. Cf. {Petrify}, and {Oil}.] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzine — (also benzin) ► NOUN ▪ a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum …   English terms dictionary

  • benzine — ben·zine ben .zēn, ben n any of various volatile flammable petroleum distillates used esp. as solvents or as motor fuels * * * ben·zine (benґzēn) petroleum benzin; see under petroleum …   Medical dictionary

  • benzine — noun Etymology: German Benzin, from benz Date: 1835 any of various volatile flammable petroleum distillates used especially as solvents or as motor fuels …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • benzine — /ben zeen, ben zeen /, n. a colorless, volatile, flammable, liquid mixture of various hydrocarbons, obtained in the distillation of petroleum, and used in cleaning, dyeing, etc. Also, benzin /ben zin/. [1850 55; BENZ + INE2] * * * …   Universalium

  • benzine — noun a) benzene b) any flammable petroleum distillate used as a solvent or fuel …   Wiktionary

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