Peremptory challenge
Challenge Chal"lenge, n. [OE. chalenge claim, accusation, challenge, OF. chalenge, chalonge, claim, accusation, contest, fr. L. calumnia false accusation, chicanery. See {Calumny}.] 1. An invitation to engage in a contest or controversy of any kind; a defiance; specifically, a summons to fight a duel; also, the letter or message conveying the summons. [1913 Webster]

A challenge to controversy. --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster]

2. The act of a sentry in halting any one who appears at his post, and demanding the countersign. [1913 Webster]

3. A claim or demand. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

There must be no challenge of superiority. --Collier. [1913 Webster]

4. (Hunting) The opening and crying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game. [1913 Webster]

5. (Law) An exception to a juror or to a member of a court martial, coupled with a demand that he should be held incompetent to act; the claim of a party that a certain person or persons shall not sit in trial upon him or his cause. --Blackstone [1913 Webster]

6. An exception to a person as not legally qualified to vote. The challenge must be made when the ballot is offered. [U. S.] [1913 Webster]

{Challenge to the array} (Law), an exception to the whole panel.

{Challenge to the favor}, the alleging a special cause, the sufficiency of which is to be left to those whose duty and office it is to decide upon it.

{Challenge to the polls}, an exception taken to any one or more of the individual jurors returned.

{Peremptory challenge}, a privilege sometimes allowed to defendants, of challenging a certain number of jurors (fixed by statute in different States) without assigning any cause.

{Principal challenge}, that which the law allows to be sufficient if found to be true. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peremptory challenge — usually refers to a right in jury selection for the defense and prosecution to reject a certain number of potential jurors who appear to have an unfavorable bias without having to give any reason. Other potential jurors may be challenged for… …   Wikipedia

  • peremptory challenge — see challenge Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. peremptory challenge …   Law dictionary

  • Peremptory challenge — Peremptory Per emp*to*ry, a. [L. peremptorius destructive, deadly, decisive, final: cf. F. p[ e]remptorie. See {Perempt}.] 1. Precluding debate or expostulation; not admitting of question or appeal; positive; absolute; decisive; conclusive; final …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • peremptory challenge — /pərɛmptri ˈtʃæləndʒ/ (say puhremptree chaluhnj) noun Law a challenge (def. 4c) to a juror for which no reason has to be given, three being allowed to each side in a court case. Compare challenge for cause …   Australian English dictionary

  • peremptory challenge — A challenge to a juror to be exercised by a party to a civil action or criminal prosecution without assignment of reason or cause. Bufford v State, 148 Neb 38, 26 NW2d 383. A challenge to a judge without assignment of reason or cause. Austin v… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • peremptory challenge — noun Date: circa 1531 a challenge (as of a juror) made as of right without assigning any cause …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • peremptory challenge — noun : a challenge (as of a juror) made as of right without assigning any cause …   Useful english dictionary

  • peremptory challenge — Law. a formal objection to the service of a juror by a party to a criminal prosecution or a civil action that requires no showing of cause. [1520 30] * * * …   Universalium

  • peremptory challenge — noun Law a defendant s or lawyer s objection to a proposed juror, for which a reason need not be given …   English new terms dictionary

  • peremptory challenge — peremp′tory chal′lenge n. law a formal objection to a prospective juror that does not require a cause to be shown • Etymology: 1520–30 …   From formal English to slang

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