Pelias berus
viper vi"per (v[imac]"p[~e]r), n. [F. vip[`e]re, L. vipera, probably contr. fr. vivipera; vivus alive + parere to bring forth, because it was believed to be the only serpent that brings forth living young. Cf. {Quick}, a., {Parent}, {Viviparous}, {Wivern}, {Weever}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Old World venomous snakes belonging to {Vipera}, {Clotho}, {Daboia}, and other genera of the family {Viperid[ae]}. [1913 Webster]

There came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand. --Acts xxviii. 3. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among the best-known species are the European adder ({Pelias berus}), the European asp ({Vipera aspis}), the African horned viper ({Vipera cerastes}), and the Indian viper ({Daboia Russellii}). [1913 Webster]

2. A dangerous, treacherous, or malignant person. [1913 Webster]

Who committed To such a viper his most sacred trust Of secrecy. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. Loosely, any venomous or presumed venomous snake. [PJC]

{Horned viper}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Cerastes}.

{Red viper} (Zo["o]l.), the copperhead.

{Viper fish} (Zo["o]l.), a small, slender, phosphorescent deep-sea fish ({Chauliodus Sloanii}). It has long ventral and dorsal fins, a large mouth, and very long, sharp teeth.

{Viper's bugloss} (Bot.), a rough-leaved biennial herb ({Echium vulgare}) having showy purplish blue flowers. It is sometimes cultivated, but has become a pestilent weed in fields from New York to Virginia. Also called {blue weed}.

{Viper's grass} (Bot.), a perennial composite herb ({Scorzonera Hispanica}) with narrow, entire leaves, and solitary heads of yellow flowers. The long, white, carrot-shaped roots are used for food in Spain and some other countries. Called also {viper grass}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pelias berus — Adder Ad der, n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. n[ae]dre, adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. na[eth]r, masc., na[eth]ra, fem.: cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vipera berus — Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Vipera berus — Kreuzotter Kreuzotter (Vipera berus) Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vipera berus — Adder Ad der, n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. n[ae]dre, adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. na[eth]r, masc., na[eth]ra, fem.: cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Kreuzotter — (Vipera berus) Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) Ordnung: Schuppen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Höllenotter — Kreuzotter Kreuzotter (Vipera berus) Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kupferotter — Kreuzotter Kreuzotter (Vipera berus) Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vipera nikolskii — Waldsteppenotter Waldsteppenotter (Vipera nikolskii), Weibchen Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Степная гадюка — ? Степная гадюка …   Википедия

  • Vipera ursinii — ? Степная гадюка Степная гадюка Научная классификация Царство: Животные Тип: Хордовые …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”