pela
Wax Wax, n. [AS. weax; akin to OFries. wax, D. was, G. wachs, OHG. wahs, Icel. & Sw. vax, Dan. vox, Lith. vaszkas, Russ. vosk'.] [1913 Webster] 1. A fatty, solid substance, produced by bees, and employed by them in the construction of their comb; -- usually called {beeswax}. It is first excreted, from a row of pouches along their sides, in the form of scales, which, being masticated and mixed with saliva, become whitened and tenacious. Its natural color is pale or dull yellow. [1913 Webster]

Note: Beeswax consists essentially of cerotic acid (constituting the more soluble part) and of myricyl palmitate (constituting the less soluble part). [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, any substance resembling beeswax in consistency or appearance. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) (Physiol.) Cerumen, or earwax. See {Cerumen}. [1913 Webster] (b) A waxlike composition used for uniting surfaces, for excluding air, and for other purposes; as, sealing wax, grafting wax, etching wax, etc. [1913 Webster] (c) A waxlike composition used by shoemakers for rubbing their thread. [1913 Webster] (d) (Zo["o]l.) A substance similar to beeswax, secreted by several species of scale insects, as the Chinese wax. See {Wax insect}, below. [1913 Webster] (e) (Bot.) A waxlike product secreted by certain plants. See {Vegetable wax}, under {Vegetable}. [1913 Webster] (f) (Min.) A substance, somewhat resembling wax, found in connection with certain deposits of rock salt and coal; -- called also mineral wax, and ozocerite. [1913 Webster] (g) Thick sirup made by boiling down the sap of the sugar maple, and then cooling. [Local U. S.] [1913 Webster] (h) any of numerous substances or mixtures composed predominantly of the longer-chain saturated hydrocarbons such as the paraffins, which are solid at room teperature, or their alcohol, carboxylic acid, or ester derivatives. [PJC]

{Japanese wax}, a waxlike substance made in Japan from the berries of certain species of {Rhus}, esp. {Rhus succedanea}.

{Mineral wax}. (Min.) See {Wax}, 2 (f), above.

{Wax cloth}. See {Waxed cloth}, under {Waxed}.

{Wax end}. See {Waxed end}, under {Waxed}.

{Wax flower}, a flower made of, or resembling, wax.

{Wax insect} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of scale insects belonging to the family {Coccid[ae]}, which secrete from their bodies a waxlike substance, especially the Chinese wax insect ({Coccus Sinensis}) from which a large amount of the commercial Chinese wax is obtained. Called also {pela}.

{Wax light}, a candle or taper of wax.

{Wax moth} (Zo["o]l.), a pyralid moth ({Galleria cereana}) whose larv[ae] feed upon honeycomb, and construct silken galleries among the fragments. The moth has dusky gray wings streaked with brown near the outer edge. The larva is yellowish white with brownish dots. Called also {bee moth}.

{Wax myrtle}. (Bot.) See {Bayberry}.

{Wax painting}, a kind of painting practiced by the ancients, under the name of encaustic. The pigments were ground with wax, and diluted. After being applied, the wax was melted with hot irons and the color thus fixed.

{Wax palm}. (Bot.) (a) A species of palm ({Ceroxylon Andicola}) native of the Andes, the stem of which is covered with a secretion, consisting of two thirds resin and one third wax, which, when melted with a third of fat, makes excellent candles. (b) A Brazilian tree ({Copernicia cerifera}) the young leaves of which are covered with a useful waxy secretion.

{Wax paper}, paper prepared with a coating of white wax and other ingredients.

{Wax plant} (Bot.), a name given to several plants, as: (a) The Indian pipe (see under {Indian}). (b) The {Hoya carnosa}, a climbing plant with polished, fleshy leaves. (c) Certain species of {Begonia} with similar foliage.

{Wax tree} (Bot.) (a) A tree or shrub ({Ligustrum lucidum}) of China, on which certain insects make a thick deposit of a substance resembling white wax. (b) A kind of sumac ({Rhus succedanea}) of Japan, the berries of which yield a sort of wax. (c) A rubiaceous tree ({El[ae]agia utilis}) of New Grenada, called by the inhabitants ``arbol del cera.''

{Wax yellow}, a dull yellow, resembling the natural color of beeswax. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pela — pela …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • péla — s. f. 1. Ato ou efeito de pelar. 2. Cada camada de cortiça nos sobreiros.   ‣ Etimologia: derivação regressiva de pelar   • Confrontar: pela.   ♦ Grafia de pela antes do Acordo Ortográfico de 1990. péla s. f. 1. Bola usada em brincadeiras e jogos …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Pela — Péla La péla est un plat qui se mange traditionnellement en Savoie. La péla est un plat de pommes de terre, préalablement cuites à l’eau, puis épluchées, coupées en rondelles et placées dans une poêle à long manche (péla en arpitan savoyard).… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pela — |é| s. f. 1. Ato ou efeito de pelar. 2. Cada camada de cortiça nos sobreiros.   ‣ Etimologia: derivação regressiva de pelar   • pela |é| s. f. 1. Bola usada em brincadeiras e jogos, especialmente de crianças. 2.  [Esporte] Antigo jogo, semelhante …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Pela — Pe la, n. (Zo[ o]l.) See {Wax insect}, under {Wax}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pela — Pela, s. Pflanzenwachs …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pela — pela, pelat adj pelé Alpes, Pyrénées …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • pela — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: coloquial. Peseta: Gano muchas pelas. 2. Origen: América. Paliza, azotaina …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Pela — Infobox musical artist Name = Pela Img capt = Pela at New York s Bowery Ballroom Img size = 400 × 267 Landscape = Background = group or band Birth name = Alias = Born = Died = Origin = Brooklyn, New York Instrument = Voice type = Genre = Indie… …   Wikipedia

  • Péla — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Péla (livre de cuisine) », sur Wikibooks (livres pédagogiques) La péla est un plat originaire des Aravis qui se mange traditionnellement en Haute Savoie. La péla est un plat de pommes de terre,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pela — s. dinero. ❙ «Todas las zonas pijas, de pelas...» El Banquillo, 28.1.98. ❙ «Es un profesor al que no le gusta nada su curro, pero gana un montón de pelas, por eso no lo deja.» Ragazza, n.° 100. ❙ «Aparte de las pelas, me hicieron hijo predilecto …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

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