Avenge
Avenge A*venge", v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Avenged} (?); p. pr. & vb. n. {Avenging} (?).] [OF. avengier; L. ad + vindicare to lay claim to, to avenge, revenge. See {Vengeance}.] 1. To take vengeance for; to exact satisfaction for by punishing the injuring party; to vindicate by inflicting pain or evil on a wrongdoer. [1913 Webster]

He will avenge the blood of his servants. --Deut. xxxii. 43. [1913 Webster]

Avenge, O Lord, thy slaughtered saints, whose bones Lie scattered on the Alpine mountains cold. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

He had avenged himself on them by havoc such as England had never before seen. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

2. To treat revengefully; to wreak vengeance on. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Thy judgment in avenging thine enemies. --Bp. Hall. [1913 Webster]

Syn: To {Avenge}, {Revenge}.

Usage: To avenge is to inflict punishment upon evil doers in behalf of ourselves, or others for whom we act; as, to avenge one's wrongs; to avenge the injuries of the suffering and innocent. It is to inflict pain for the sake of vindication, or retributive justice. To revenge is to inflict pain or injury for the indulgence of resentful and malicious feelings. The former may at times be a duty; the latter is one of the worst exhibitions of human character. [1913 Webster]

I avenge myself upon another, or I avenge another, or I avenge a wrong. I revenge only myself, and that upon another. --C. J. Smith. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • avenge — avenge, revenge mean to inflict punishment on a person who has wronged oneself or another. Once close synonyms, these verbs are now increasingly divergent in implications. One may avenge or revenge (oneself or another who is wronged), but avenge… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • avenge — avenge, revenge The principal differences to bear in mind are (1) that you avenge a person (including yourself) or an act but revenge only an act or yourself (usually on someone), and (2) that avenge is only a verb but revenge is a noun as well… …   Modern English usage

  • avenge — (v.) late 14c., from Anglo Fr. avenger, O.Fr. avengier, from a to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + vengier take revenge (Mod.Fr. venger), from L. vindicare to claim, avenge, punish (see VINDICATE (Cf. vindicate)). Related: Avenge …   Etymology dictionary

  • avenge — avenge; avenge·ment; …   English syllables

  • avenge — [ə venj′] vt., vi. avenged, avenging [ME avengen < OFr avengier < a (L ad), to + vengier < L vindicare, to claim: see VINDICATE] 1. to get revenge for (an injury, wrong, etc.) 2. to take vengeance on behalf of, as for a wrong avenger n.… …   English World dictionary

  • Avenge — A*venge , v. i. To take vengeance. Levit. xix. 18. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Avenge — A*venge , n. Vengeance; revenge. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • avenge — index penalize, repay, retaliate Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • avenge — [v] retaliate chasten, chastise, come back at, even the score, get back at, get even, payback, punish, redress, repay, requite, retribute, revenge, stick it to, take satisfaction, take vengeance, venge, vindicate; concepts 122,126 …   New thesaurus

  • avenge — ► VERB ▪ inflict harm in return for (a wrong). DERIVATIVES avenger noun. ORIGIN Old French avengier, from Latin vindicare vindicate …   English terms dictionary

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