Passive voice

Passive voice
Voice Voice, n. [OE. vois, voys, OF. vois, voiz, F. voix, L. vox, vocis, akin to Gr. ? a word, ? a voice, Skr. vac to say, to speak, G. erw["a]hnen to mention. Cf. {Advocate}, {Advowson}, {Avouch}, {Convoke}, {Epic}, {Vocal}, {Vouch}, {Vowel}.] 1. Sound uttered by the mouth, especially that uttered by human beings in speech or song; sound thus uttered considered as possessing some special quality or character; as, the human voice; a pleasant voice; a low voice. [1913 Webster]

He with a manly voice saith his message. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Her voice was ever soft, Gentle, and low; an excellent thing in woman. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Thy voice is music. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Join thy voice unto the angel choir. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. (Phon.) Sound of the kind or quality heard in speech or song in the consonants b, v, d, etc., and in the vowels; sonant, or intonated, utterance; tone; -- distinguished from mere breath sound as heard in f, s, sh, etc., and also whisper. [1913 Webster]

Note: Voice, in this sense, is produced by vibration of the so-called vocal cords in the larynx (see Illust. of {Larynx}) which act upon the air, not in the manner of the strings of a stringed instrument, but as a pair of membranous tongues, or reeds, which, being continually forced apart by the outgoing current of breath, and continually brought together again by their own elasticity and muscular tension, break the breath current into a series of puffs, or pulses, sufficiently rapid to cause the sensation of tone. The power, or loudness, of such a tone depends on the force of the separate pulses, and this is determined by the pressure of the expired air, together with the resistance on the part of the vocal cords which is continually overcome. Its pitch depends on the number of a["e]rial pulses within a given time, that is, on the rapidity of their succession. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 5, 146, 155. [1913 Webster]

3. The tone or sound emitted by anything. [1913 Webster]

After the fire a still small voice. --1 Kings xix. 12. [1913 Webster]

Canst thou thunder with a voice like him? --Job xl. 9. [1913 Webster]

The floods have lifted up their voice. --Ps. xciii. 3. [1913 Webster]

O Marcus, I am warm'd; my heart Leaps at the trumpet's voice. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

4. The faculty or power of utterance; as, to cultivate the voice. [1913 Webster]

5. Language; words; speech; expression; signification of feeling or opinion. [1913 Webster]

I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. --Gal. iv. 20. [1913 Webster]

My voice is in my sword. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Let us call on God in the voice of his church. --Bp. Fell. [1913 Webster]

6. Opinion or choice expressed; judgment; a vote. [1913 Webster]

Sic. How now, my masters! have you chose this man? 1 Cit. He has our voices, sir. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Some laws ordain, and some attend the choice Of holy senates, and elect by voice. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

7. Command; precept; -- now chiefly used in scriptural language. [1913 Webster]

So shall ye perish; because ye would not be obedient unto the voice of the Lord your God. --Deut. viii. 20. [1913 Webster]

8. One who speaks; a speaker. ``A potent voice of Parliament.'' --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

9. (Gram.) A particular mode of inflecting or conjugating verbs, or a particular form of a verb, by means of which is indicated the relation of the subject of the verb to the action which the verb expresses. [1913 Webster]

{Active voice} (Gram.), that form of the verb by which its subject is represented as the agent or doer of the action expressed by it.

{Chest voice} (Phon.), a kind of voice of a medium or low pitch and of a sonorous quality ascribed to resonance in the chest, or thorax; voice of the thick register. It is produced by vibration of the vocal cords through their entire width and thickness, and with convex surfaces presented to each other.

{Head voice} (Phon.), a kind of voice of high pitch and of a thin quality ascribed to resonance in the head; voice of the thin register; falsetto. In producing it, the vibration of the cords is limited to their thin edges in the upper part, which are then presented to each other.

{Middle voice} (Gram.), that form of the verb by which its subject is represented as both the agent, or doer, and the object of the action, that is, as performing some act to or upon himself, or for his own advantage.

{Passive voice}. (Gram.) See under {Passive}, a.

{Voice glide} (Pron.), the brief and obscure neutral vowel sound that sometimes occurs between two consonants in an unaccented syllable (represented by the apostrophe), as in able (a"b'l). See {Glide}, n., 2.

{Voice stop}. See {Voiced stop}, under {Voiced}, a.

{With one voice}, unanimously. ``All with one voice . . . cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.'' --Acts xix. 34. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Passive voice — Passive Pas sive, a. [L. passivus: cf. F. passif. See {Passion}.] 1. Not active, but acted upon; suffering or receiving impressions or influences; as, they were passive spectators, not actors in the scene. [1913 Webster] The passive air Upbore… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • passive voice — passive .voice n [singular] the ↑passive 2 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • passive voice — noun the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb The ball was thrown by the boy uses the passive voice The ball was thrown is an abbreviated passive • Syn …   Useful english dictionary

  • passive voice — noun a) The form of a transitive verb in which its subject receives the action. The passive voice is sometimes criticized for de emphasizing the actor. b) Any construction that obscures the agent of an action, or the agency of said agent. Many… …   Wiktionary

  • passive voice — voice which is not active in grammar, passive form of a transitive verb (Grammar) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • passive voice — noun (singular) the passive2 …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • passive voice —   Leo pili ia mai. See verb …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • ˌpassive ˈvoice, the — see passive …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • English passive voice — This article is about the passive voice in English. For the passive voice generally, including its use in other languages, see Passive voice. English grammar series English grammar Contraction Disputes in English grammar English compound English… …   Wikipedia

  • Impersonal passive voice — The impersonal passive voice is a verb voice that decreases the valency of an intransitive verb (which has valency one) to zero.The impersonal passive deletes the subject of an intransitive verb. In place of the verb s subject, the construction… …   Wikipedia

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