autotroph
autotroph autotroph n. an organism which is {autotrophic}, i. e., an organism (such as most plants and certain microorganisms) which are capable of synthesizing its own food from simple organic substances, requiring only minerals as nutrients for growth, and using carbonate or carbon dioxide as a source of carbon and simple inorganic nitrogen as a nitrogen source; the energy required is derived from photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. Opposed to {heterotroph}. See also {auxotroph}.

Syn: autophyte, autophytic plant, autotrophic organism. [WordNet 1.5 + PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • autotroph — autotroph. См. автотроф. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Autotroph — Unter Autotrophie (altgr. autotroph – wörtlich: „sich selbst ernährend“ von autos – „selbst“, trophe – „Ernährung“) wird in der Biologie die Fähigkeit von Lebewesen verstanden, ihre Baustoffe (und organischen Reservestoffe) ausschließlich aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Autotroph — An autotroph (from the Greek autos = self and trophe = nutrition) is an organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules using energy from light or inorganic chemical reactions. Autotrophs are the producers in a… …   Wikipedia

  • autotroph — au|to|troph 〈Adj.; Bot.〉 sich selbst ernährend (Pflanzen); Ggs heterotroph [<grch. autos „selbst“ + trophe „Nahrung“] * * * au|to|troph <Adj.> [zu griech. trophe̅̓ = Nahrung] (Biol.): sich nur von anorganischen Stoffen ernährend. * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • autotroph — noun Etymology: German, from autotroph, adjective Date: 1938 an autotrophic organism …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • autotroph — autotrofas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Organizmas, gaminantis organinę medžiagą iš anglies dioksido, vandens ir mineralinių druskų, vykstant fotosintezės ar chemosintezės procesui. atitikmenys: angl. autotroph rus. автотроф;… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • autotroph — (aw to trōf) An organism that uses CO2 as its sole or principal source of carbon …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • autotroph — (= lithotroph) Organisms that synthesize all their organic molecules from inorganic materials (carbon dioxide, salts etc.). May be photo autotrophs or chemo autotrophs, depending upon the source of the energy. Also known as lithotrophic organisms …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • autotroph — autotrophic, adj. /aw teuh trof , trohf /, n. Biol. any organism capable of self nourishment by using inorganic materials as a source of nutrients and using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis as a source of energy, as most plants and certain… …   Universalium

  • autotroph — noun Any organism that can synthesize its food from inorganic substances, using heat or light as a source of energy …   Wiktionary

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