Par of exchange
exchange ex*change" ([e^]ks*ch[=a]nj"), n. [OE. eschange, eschaunge, OF. eschange, fr. eschangier, F. ['e]changer, to exchange; pref. ex- out + F. changer. See {Change}, and cf. {Excamb}.] 1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for another which is regarded as an equivalent; as, an exchange of cattle for grain. [1913 Webster]

2. The act of substituting one thing in the place of another; as, an exchange of grief for joy, or of a scepter for a sword, and the like; also, the act of giving and receiving reciprocally; as, an exchange of civilities or views. [1913 Webster]

3. The thing given or received in return; esp., a publication exchanged for another. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. (Com.) The process of setting accounts or debts between parties residing at a distance from each other, without the intervention of money, by exchanging orders or drafts, called bills of exchange. These may be drawn in one country and payable in another, in which case they are called foreign bills; or they may be drawn and made payable in the same country, in which case they are called inland bills. The term bill of exchange is often abbreviated into exchange; as, to buy or sell exchange. [1913 Webster]

Note: A in London is creditor to B in New York, and C in London owes D in New York a like sum. A in London draws a bill of exchange on B in New York; C in London purchases the bill, by which A receives his debt due from B in New York. C transmits the bill to D in New York, who receives the amount from B. [1913 Webster]

5. (Law) A mutual grant of equal interests, the one in consideration of the other. Estates exchanged must be equal in quantity, as fee simple for fee simple. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

6. The place where the merchants, brokers, and bankers of a city meet at certain hours, to transact business; also, the institution which sets regulations and maintains the physical facilities of such a place; as, the New York Stock Exchange; a commodity exchange. In this sense the word was at one time often contracted to {'change} [1913 Webster +PJC]

{Arbitration of exchange}. See under {Arbitration}.

{Bill of exchange}. See under {Bill}.

{Exchange broker}. See under {Broker}.

{Par of exchange}, the established value of the coin or standard of value of one country when expressed in the coin or standard of another, as the value of the pound sterling in the currency of France or the United States. The par of exchange rarely varies, and serves as a measure for the rise and fall of exchange that is affected by the demand and supply. Exchange is at par when, for example, a bill in New York, for the payment of one hundred pounds sterling in London, can be purchased for the sum. Exchange is in favor of a place when it can be purchased there at or above par.

{Telephone exchange}, a central office in which the wires of any two telephones or telephone stations may be connected to permit conversation.

Syn: Barter; dealing; trade; traffic; interchange. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Par of exchange — Par Par, n. [L. par, adj., equal. See {Peer} an equal.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • par of exchange — The theoretical rate of exchange between two currencies in which there is equilibrium between the supply and demand for each currency. The par value lies between the market buying and selling rates. See also mint par of exchange …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • par of exchange — The precise equality or equivalency of any given sum or quantity of money of one country, and the like sum or quantity of money of any other foreign country into which it is to be exchanged. The par of the currencies of any two countries means… …   Black's law dictionary

  • par of exchange — the value of the monetary unit of one country expressed in terms of the monetary unit of another country using a given standard of value (as purchasing power); specifically : par I 1a …   Useful english dictionary

  • par of exchange — relative value of different currencies around the world, exchange rate …   English contemporary dictionary

  • par of exchange — The value of the money of one country in that of another; the relative melting value of the gold coins of each of two nations. Murphy v Kastner, 50 NJ Eq 214, 220, 24 A 564 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • mint par of exchange — The rate of exchange between two currencies that were on the gold standard The rate was then determined by the gold content of the basic coin …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • mint par of exchange — par 1a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Arbitration of exchange — exchange ex*change ([e^]ks*ch[=a]nj ), n. [OE. eschange, eschaunge, OF. eschange, fr. eschangier, F. [ e]changer, to exchange; pref. ex out + F. changer. See {Change}, and cf. {Excamb}.] 1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bill of exchange — exchange ex*change ([e^]ks*ch[=a]nj ), n. [OE. eschange, eschaunge, OF. eschange, fr. eschangier, F. [ e]changer, to exchange; pref. ex out + F. changer. See {Change}, and cf. {Excamb}.] 1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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