Oxide
Oxide Ox"ide ([o^]ks"[i^]d or [o^]ks"[imac]d), n. [F. oxyg[`e]ne oxygen + acide acid: cf. F. oxyde. The French word was correctly spelt oxide, till about the year 1840, when, in ignorance or forgetfulness of the true history and composition of the word, the orthography was change to make it represent the [upsilon] of Gr. 'oxy`s, from which it was supposed to be directly derived.] (Chem.) A binary compound of oxygen with an atom or radical, or a compound which is regarded as binary; as, iron oxide, ethyl oxide, nitrogen oxide, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: In the chemical nomenclature adopted by Guyton de Morveau, Lavoisier, and their associates, the term oxides was made to include all compounds of oxygen which had no acid (F. acide) properties, as contrasted with the acids, all of which were at that time supposed to contain oxygen. The orthography {oxyde}, {oxyd}, etc., was afterwards introduced in ignorance or disregard of the true etymology, but these forms are now obsolete in English. The spelling {oxid} is not common. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oxide —   [französisch, zu griechisch oxýs »scharf«, »sauer«], Singular Oxid das, (e)s, früher Oxyde, Verbindungen der chemischen Elemente mit Sauerstoff, wobei der Sauerstoff in der Regel den elektronegativen Anteil bildet (nur bei den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • oxide — (n.) compound of oxygen with another element, 1790, from Fr. oxide (1787), coined by G. de Morveau and A. Lavoisier from ox(ygène) + (ac)ide. See OXYGEN (Cf. oxygen) …   Etymology dictionary

  • oxide — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ a compound of oxygen with another element or group …   English terms dictionary

  • oxide — [äk′sīd΄] n. [Fr < Gr oxys, acid, sour (see OXY 2) + Fr (ac)ide,ACID] a binary compound of oxygen with some other element or with a radical …   English World dictionary

  • oxide — oxidic /ok sid ik/, adj. /ok suyd, sid/, n. Chem. a compound in which oxygen is bonded to one or more electropositive atoms. Also, oxid /ok sid/. [1780 90; < F (now oxyde), b. oxygène and acide. See OXYGEN, ACID] * * * I Any of a large and… …   Universalium

  • Oxide — Oxides, such as iron(III) oxide or rust, which consists of hydrated iron(III) oxides Fe2O3·nH2O and iron(III) oxide hydroxide (FeO(OH), Fe(OH)3), form when oxygen combines with other elements An oxide ( …   Wikipedia

  • Oxide — Kupfer(II) oxid Mennige, Blei(II,IV) oxid …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oxide — A chemical compound of oxygen with another element. See aluminum oxide natural oxide skin nitrogen oxides nitrous oxide system nitrous oxide polyphenylene oxide …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • oxide — [[t]ɒ̱ksaɪd[/t]] oxides N MASS: usu supp N An oxide is a compound of oxygen and another chemical element. Atoms of iron in the nail combine with atoms of oxygen from the air to form molecules of iron oxide, or rust …   English dictionary

  • oxide —    Any element combined with oxygen. Common rust is iron oxide, one of the most widely used colorants making red bricks red for example. Silver s oxide is more often referred to as tarnish. Bronze s is more often referred to as a patina. Pure… …   Glossary of Art Terms

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